Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 116, Issue 1–2, pp 339–344 | Cite as

Passive Ozone Monitoring for Forest Health Assessment

  • R. M. Cox
  • J. W. Malcolm
Article

Abstract

Critical levels of tropospheric ozone, established for the protection of crops and other plants, are now reported as being exceeded over large forested areas, giving rise to the need for an extensive monitoring program to confirm ambient levels within the forest and to detect related forest health effects. The requirement for an inexpensive monitor that can be used in remote locations prompted the development of the Can Oxy PlateTM passive ozone monitor and a monitoring protocol by the air pollution research group of the Canadian Forest Service, Forest Health Network. The monitors underwent initial trials in 1996 and operational trials during 1997 that involved two 2-3 week mid summer exposures in the canopy at selected forest health monitoring plots across Canada, and at adjacent forest openings. In both trials monitors were also co-located with the nearest instrumental ozone monitor. This allowed for the production of a field calibration for quality assurance assessment under field conditions. Results from 1996 indicate highly significant correlations with accumulated ambient ozone concentrations from the instrumental monitors at the co-located sites (r=0.88, p=0.0002). However, no such relationship was found between these sites and the forest plots which were up to 200 kilometres away. This may indicate spatial heterogeneity in ozone exposure between the continuous air quality monitoring sites and the forest plots. This information, together with our knowledge that strong gradients of ozone exposure are found within the canopy, underlines the importance of in situ monitoring of ozone exposure of forest health plots at risk to ozone effects.

ozone passive monitor indigo forest health 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bytnerowicz, A., Manning, W.J., Grosjean, D., Chmielewski, W., Dmuchowski, W., Grodzinska, K. and Godzik, B.: 1993, Environ. Pollut., 80, 301–305.Google Scholar
  2. Grosjean, D., Grosjean, E. and Williams, E. L.: 1993, Atmos. Environ., 27A, 765–772.Google Scholar
  3. Grosjean, D. and Hisham, M. W. M.: 1992, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 42, 169–173.Google Scholar
  4. Grosjean, D., Whitmore, P. M., and Cass, G. R.: 1988, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22, 292–298.Google Scholar
  5. Grosjean, D. and Williams, E. L.: 1992, Atmos. Environ., 26A, 1407–1411.Google Scholar
  6. Grosjean, D., Williams, E. L and Grosjean, E.: 1995, Environ. Pollut., 88, 267–273.Google Scholar
  7. London, J.: 1985, in Ozone in the free atmosphere. Whitten, R. C. and Prasad, S. S. (eds.), pp. 11–65, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Mangini, A. and Passerini, R.: 1952, Chem. Abstr. 46, 350–351.Google Scholar
  9. Werner, H. and von Schönborn, A.: 1989, Proc. Statusseminar der PBWU zum Forschungsschwerpunkt “Waldschaden” GSF, GSF, München-Neuherberg, 10 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Williams T. P. W.: 1994, Use of Passive Monitors to Assess Plant Bioindicators for Ground Level Ozone. MSc Thesis Dept of Biology, University of New Brunswick, 133 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. Cox
    • 1
  • J. W. Malcolm
    • 1
  1. 1.Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Atlantic CentreFredericton

Personalised recommendations