Advertisement

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 126, Issue 3–4, pp 239–251 | Cite as

Assessment of Biogas use as an Energy Source from Anaerobic Digestion of Brewery Wastewater

  • Bahar Kasapgil Ince
  • Orhan Ince
  • G. Ken Anderson
  • Semiha Arayici
Article

Abstract

Energy recovery from a crossflow ultrafiltration (UF) membraneunit employed in order to improve the performance of an anaerobic contact digester for the treatment of brewery wastewater was assessed. The performance of the pilot-scale anaerobic UF membrane system was studied for over 15 months. At steady-state conditions, an organic loading rate of 28.5 kg COD m-3 d-1, a hydraulic retention time of 4.2 days and overall COD and BOD removal efficiencies of 99% and almost 100% were achieved, respectively. Percent methane in biogas was found to be in a range of 67–79% with the corresponding methane yield of 0.28–0.35 m3 CH4 kg-1 CODremoved. The potential energy recovery from the system treating brewery wastewater at an OLR of 28.5 kg COD m-3 d-1 was 87 MJ d-1 which would enable to maintain all energy requirements of the feed pump, mixing and heating of the reactor contents. In addition to this, 71% of the energy requirement for recirculating the reactor content through the membranes would also be recovered.

anaerobic contact digester brewery wastewater crossflow ultrafiltration energy recovery 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anaerobic Digestion of Industrial Wastewater Report: A Survey of Potential Applications in United Kingdom Industry: 1992, Environmental Technology Consultants Limited, U.K.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, G. K., Saw, C. B. and Fernandes, M. I.: 1986, Process Biochemistry, 174-182.Google Scholar
  3. Choate, W. T., Houldsworth, D. and Butler, G. A.: 1983, Proc. 37th Purdue Industrial Waste Conference, 661-666.Google Scholar
  4. Donnelly, T.: 1984, The Kinetics and Mathematical Modelling of an Anaerobic Contact Digester, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K.Google Scholar
  5. Epstein, T. and Korchin, B.: 1981, 91st National Meeting, AICHE, Detroit, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  6. Ince, O., Anderson, G. K. and Kasapgil, B.: 1993, Proce. Purdue Industrial Waste Conf. 48, 551.Google Scholar
  7. Ince, O., Anderson, G. K. and Kasapgil, B.: 1994, Proce. Purdue Industrial Waste Conf. 49, 189.Google Scholar
  8. Ince, O., Anderson, G. K. and Kasapgil, B.: 1995a, Wat. Res. 29, 349.Google Scholar
  9. Ince, O., Anderson, G. K. and Kasapgil, B.: 1995b, Environ. Tech. 16, 901.Google Scholar
  10. Li, A. Y. and Corrado, J. J.: 1985, Proce. Purdue Industrial Waste Conf. 40, 399.Google Scholar
  11. Ross, W. R., De Villiers, H. A., Le Roux, J. and Barnard, J. P.: 1988, 5th International Symposium on Anaerobic Digestion, Bologna, Italy, pp. 571-574.Google Scholar
  12. Speece, R. E.: 1983, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 416.Google Scholar
  13. Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater: 1985, 16th edn., Am. Public Health Assoc., Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  14. Strohwald, N. H. K.: 1991, Pilot Scale Desalination of Sea Water by Reverse Osmosis. Contract, WRC Report No. 345, Pretoria, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  15. Strohwald, N. H. K.: 1988, The Development of Tubular Ultrafiltration Technology for Industrial Use, M. Eng. Thesis. University of Potchefstroom, South Africa.Google Scholar
  16. Stronach, S. M., Rudd, T. and Lester, J. N.: 1986, Anaerobic Digestion Processes in Industrial Wastewater Treatment, Springer Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahar Kasapgil Ince
    • 1
  • Orhan Ince
    • 2
  • G. Ken Anderson
    • 3
  • Semiha Arayici
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental ScienceBosphorus UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringNewcastle upon Tyne UniversityU.K
  4. 4.Department of Environmental EngineeringIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations