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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 1–18 | Cite as

Functioning of Adolescents With Symptoms of Disturbed Sleep

  • Robert E. Roberts
  • Catherine R. Roberts
  • Irene G. Chen
Article

Abstract

The objective of the study was to examine the association between disturbed sleep and the functioning of adolescents, in particular cumulative effects on functioning across multiple life domains. Data from a large, school-based survey (n = 5,423) were used to examine the association between eight indicators of psychological, interpersonal, and somatic functioning and symptoms of insomnia and hypersomnia among adolescents. The strongest correlates of insomnia were disturbed mood (OR = 5.9), fatigue (OR = 7.4), and suicidal ideation (OR = 3.4). The same pattern held for hypersomnia, although the associations were not as strong for fatigue (OR = 6.8), mood disturbance (OR = 3.5), and suicide ideation (OR = 2.8). Youths who experienced both insomnia and hypersomnia had greater odds of psychological, interpersonal, and somatic dysfunction than youths who had experienced only one sleep disturbance. Cumulative effects of sleep problems were pronounced, with 27.6% of those with hypersomnia, 41.7% of those with insomnia, and 59.2% of those with both sleep problems reporting three or more types of dysfunction. The results suggest that adolescents experiencing disturbed sleep also experience a range of deficits in functioning. Further, youths with disturbed sleep are more likely to manifest multiple deficits in functioning. From the available evidence, however, it is not possible to specify what the causal pathways are. What are needed are cohort studies designed to examine the association of disturbed sleep and functional impairment among adolescents prospectively.

Keywords

Cohort Study Strong Correlate Suicidal Ideation Sleep Disturbance Functional Impairment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Roberts
    • 1
  • Catherine R. Roberts
    • 2
  • Irene G. Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.Behavioral Sciences and International and Family Health, School of Public HealthThe University of Texas at HoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesThe University of Texas-Houston Health Science CenterUSA
  3. 3.School of Public HealthThe University of Texas at HoustonUSA

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