Studies in Philosophy and Education

, Volume 19, Issue 5–6, pp 405–422

National, Ethnic or Civic? Contesting Paradigms of Memory, Identity and Culture in Israel

Article

Abstract

Zionist national identity in Israel is today challenged by two mutuallyantagonistic alternatives: a liberal, secular, Post-Zionist civic identity, on the one hand, and ethnic, religious, Neo-Zionist nationalistic identity, on the other. The other, Zionist, hegemony contains an unsolvable tension between the national and the democratic facets of the state. The Post-Zionist trend seeks a relief of this tension by bracketing the nationalcharacter of the state, i.e., by separation of state and cultural community/ies; the Neo-Zionist trend seeks a relief of the same tension by bracketing the democratic nature of the state, i.e., by consolidating the Jewish ethno-national character of the state. The focus of the study is upon two dimensions of this unfolding cultural-political strife: the conflicting perceptions of time and space, and the ways they affect the perceptions of the boundaries of the collectivity, either in an inclusionary manner (the ``post'') or in an exclusionary manner (the ``neo'').

collective-memory Hebrew culture holocaust Israel Mizrachim (Oriental Jews) nationalism Neo-Zionism new-history Palestinians Post-Zionism temporal-spatial identity Zionism 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uri Ram
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral SciencesBen Gurion University of the NegevBeer ShevaIsrael

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