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Social Support from Parents and Friends and Emotional Problems in Adolescence


In a sample of 2918 adolescents aged 12 to 24 years, the relation between parental and friends' social support was studied, specifically with regard to emotional problems. In addition, age and sex differences were examined. Results indicated that parental and friends' support seem to be relatively independent support systems. Although the degree of perceived support changes in the expected direction (with parental support decreasing and friends' support increasing) during early adolescence, parental support remains the best indicator of emotional problems during adolescence. The effect of friends' support appeared to depend slightly on the level of perceived parental support, with the high parental support group showing a slightly positive effect of friends' support, and the low parental support group showing a negative effect of friends' support.

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Helsen, M., Vollebergh, W. & Meeus, W. Social Support from Parents and Friends and Emotional Problems in Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 29, 319–335 (2000).

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  • Social Support
  • Support System
  • Support Group
  • Emotional Problem
  • Early Adolescence