Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 121–145 | Cite as

Feelings of Connectedness and Internalization of Values in Asian American Adolescents

  • Kiyoshi Asakawa
  • Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi


This study is an attempt to examine a possible mechanism for the high academic achievements of Asian Americans by comparing the quality of experience of Asian American and Caucasian American adolescents. The Experience Sampling Method (ESM) was used to record subjective experiences. Subjects were 34 Asian American and 392 Caucasian American adolescents in the sixth, eighth, tenth, and twelfth grades. The ESM analyses revealed interesting differences between the two groups in their psychological functioning. The levels of Asian Americans' perceived importance of activities to future goals and happiness, enjoyment, self-esteem, and activeness covaried more positively and strongly, as compared to those of Caucasian American adolescents. The physical presence of others also affected the quality of experience of Asian American adolescents more strongly and more positively than that of Caucasian American adolescents. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of Asian adolescents' readiness for internalization of cultural values, which may promote academic excellence.


Academic Achievement Experience Sampling Subjective Experience Psychological Functioning Interesting Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiyoshi Asakawa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
    • 3
  1. 1.Shikoku Gakuin UniversityJapan
  2. 2.Department of EducationShikoku Gakuin UniversityKagawaJapan
  3. 3.Peter F. Drucker Graduate School of ManagementClaremont Graduate UniversityUSA

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