Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 29, Issue 7, pp 605–618 | Cite as

Solid-Solute Phase Equilibria in Aqueous Solution. XII. Solubility and Thermal Decomposition of Smithsonite

  • Wolfgang Preis
  • Erich Königsberger
  • Heinz Gamsjäger


The solubility constant of ZnCO3, smithsonite, in aqueous NaClO4 solutions hasbeen investigated as a function of temperature (288.15 ≤ T/K ≤ 338.15) atconstant ionic strength I = 1.00 mol-kg−1. In addition, the solubility of zinccarbonate has been determined at 2.00 and 3.00 mol-kg−1 NaClO4 (298.15 K).The solubility measurements have been evaluated by applying the Daviesapproximation, the specific ion-interaction theory, and the Pitzer model, respectively.The thermodynamic interpretation leads to an internally consistent set ofthermodynamic data for ZnCO3 (298.15 K): solubility constant log*K p50 0 = 7.25 ± 0.10,standard Gibbs energy of formation Δi Gθ (ZnCO3) = (−777.3±0.6)kJ-mol−1, standard enthalphy of formation Δf Hθ (ZnCO3)= (−820.2±3.0) kJ-mol−1,and standard entropy Sθ (ZnCO3) = (77±10)J-mol−1 K.−1. Furthermore, the DSCcurve for the thermal decarbonation of zinc carbonate has been recorded in orderto obtain the enthalpy of formation ΔfHθ (ZnCO3) =(−820.2±2.0) from theheat of decomposition. Finally, our results are also consistent within theexperimental error limits with a recent determination of the standard entropy ofsmithsonite, leading to a recommended set of thermodynamic properties of ZnCO3:\(\begin{gathered} \Delta _f G^\Theta ({\text{ZnCO}}_{\text{3}} ) = ( - 737.3 \pm 0.6){\text{kJ - mol}}^{{\text{ - 1}}} \hfill \\ \Delta _f H^\Theta ({\text{ZnCO}}_{\text{3}} ) = ( - 818.9 \pm 0.6){\text{kJ - mol}}^{{\text{ - 1}}} \hfill \\ {\text{ }}S^\Theta ({\text{ZnCO}}_{\text{3}} ) = (81.2 \pm 0.2){\text{J - mol}}^{{\text{ - 1}}} - {\text{K}}^{{\text{ - 1}}} \hfill \\ \end{gathered} \)

Solubility temperature dependence carbonate zinc smithsonite Pitzer model Davies approximation specific ion-interaction theory thermalanalysis; DSC 


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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Preis
  • Erich Königsberger
  • Heinz Gamsjäger

There are no affiliations available

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