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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 415–424 | Cite as

Does the Conners' Continuous Performance Test Aid in ADHD Diagnosis?

  • R. A. McGee
  • S. E. Clark
  • D. K. Symons
Article

Abstract

The performance of clinic-referred children aged 6–11 (N = 100) was examined using the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and measures of auditory attention (Auditory Continuous Performance Test; ACPT), phonological awareness, visual processing speed, and visual-motor competence. The Conners' CPT overall index was unrelated to measures of visual processing speed or visual-motor competence. Although the Conners' CPT converged with the ACPT, the latter demonstrated age and order effects. Significant variance in Conners' CPT parameters was predicted by phonological awareness measures, suggesting that Reading Disordered (RD) children could be “false positives” on the Conners' CPT. The Conners' CPT overall index, phonological awareness, and visual-motor measures were submitted to a 2×2 MANCOVA (ADHD vs. RD, covarying for age and socieoeconomic status): a main effect for RD status was found. Children with ADHD did not have higher Conners' CPT scores than did clinical controls; however, children with Reading Disorders did. Phonological measures distinguished RD children from ADHD children and other clinical controls. ADHD children who failed the Conners' CPT were rated by teachers as more hyperactive. Despite the strengths of the Conners' CPT, its utility for differential diagnosis of ADHD is questioned.

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder assessment continuous performance test reading disabilities 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. McGee
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. E. Clark
    • 1
  • D. K. Symons
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAcadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada
  2. 2.Child and Adolescent Mental Health ServicesValley Regional HospitalKentvilleCanada

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