Space Science Reviews

, Volume 85, Issue 3–4, pp 431–521 | Cite as

On The Stratospheric Measurements of Cosmic Rays

  • G. A. Bazilevskaya
  • A. K. Svirzhevskaya
Article

Abstract

The results of measurements of cosmic-ray intensity in the Earth's atmosphere from 1957 up to now are presented. Balloon launchings performed several times a week at northern and southern polar latitudes as well as at midlatitudes yield a homogeneous data series for the study of the spatial distribution and temporal changes in the cosmic-ray intensity. The 11- and 22-year solar modulation, north-south asymmetry, energy hysteresis and a long-term trend in the cosmic-ray intensity are discussed. The fluxes and energy spectra of protons with energy > 100 MeV for about 100 solar energetic particle events in 1958-1992 are given. The role of cosmic rays in terrestrial atmospheric processes is briefly discussed.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Bazilevskaya
    • 1
  • A. K. Svirzhevskaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Leninsky Prospect, 53Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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