Solar Physics

, Volume 176, Issue 2, pp 285–297 | Cite as

A Manifestation of Negative Energy Waves in the Solar Atmosphere

  • P. S. Joarder
  • V. M. Nakariakov
  • B. Roberts

Abstract

Magnetosonic modes of magnetic structures of the solar atmosphere in the presence of inhomogeneous steady flows are considered. It is shown that, when the speed of the steady flow exceeds the phase speed of one of the modes, the mode has negative energy, and can be subject to an over-stability due to the negative energy wave instabilities. It is shown that registered steady flows in the solar atmosphere, with speeds below the threshold of the Kelvin–Helmholtz instability, can provide the existence of the magnetosonic negative energy wave phenomena. In particular, in isolated photospheric magnetic flux tubes, there are kink surface modes with negative energy, produced by the external granulation downflows. Dissipative instability of these modes due to finite thermal conductivity and explosive instability due to nonlinear coupling of these modes with Alfvén waves are discussed. For coronal loops, it is found that only very high-speed flows (>300 km s-1) can produce negative energy slow body modes. In solar wind flow structures, both slow and fast body modes have negative energy and are unstable.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Joarder
    • 1
  • V. M. Nakariakov
    • 1
  • B. Roberts
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mathematical and Computational SciencesUniversity of St. AndrewsSt. Andrews, FifeScotland

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