Solar Physics

, Volume 175, Issue 2, pp 411–436 | Cite as

Eruptive prominence and associated CME observed with SUMER, CDS and LASCO (SOHO)

  • J. E. Wiik
  • B. Schmieder
  • T. Kucera
  • A. Poland
  • P. Brekke
  • G. Simnett


Observations of an eruptive prominence were obtained on 1 May 1996, with the SUMER and CDS instruments aboard SOHO during the preparatory phase of the Joint Observing Programme JOP12. A coronal mass ejection observed with LASCO is associated temporally and spatially with this prominence. The main objective of JOP12 is to study the dynamics of prominences and the prominence–corona interface. By analysing the spectra of Oiv and Siiv lines observed with SUMER and the spectra of 15 lines with CDS, Doppler shifts, temperatures and electron densities (ratio of Oiv 1401 to 1399Å) were derived in different structures of the prominence. The eruptive part of the prominence consists of a bubble (plasmoid) of material already at transition region temperatures with red shifts up to 100 km s-1 and an electron density of the order of 1010cm-3. The whole prominence was very active. It developed both a large helical loop and several smaller loops consisting of twisted threads or multiple ropes. These may be studied in the SUMER movie (movie 2). The profiles of the SUMER lines show a large dispersion of velocities (±50 km s-1) and the ratio of the Oiv lines indicates a large dispersion in electron density (3 x 109cm-3 to 3x 1011cm-3). The CME observed by LASCO left the corona some tens of minutes before the prominence erupted. This is evidence that the prominence eruptions are probably the result of the removal of the restraining coronal magnetic fields which are in part responsible for the original stability of the prominence.


Magnetic Field Region Temperature Transition Region Coronal Mass Ejection Doppler Shift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Supplementary material (2.6 mb)


  1. Brage, T., Judge, P. G., and Brekke, P.: 1996, Astrophys. J. 464, 1030.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Brekke, P., Schühle, U., Curdt, W., Wilhelm, K., Kucera, T., and Moran, T.: 1997, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Series, submitted.Google Scholar
  3. Brueckner, G. E. et al.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 357.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Démoulin, P. and Vial, J. C.: 1992, Solar Phys. 141, 289.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. D’Azambuja, L. and D’Azambuja, M.: 1948, Ann.Obs. Paris-Meudon 6, 7.Google Scholar
  6. Dere, K. P., Landi, E., Mason, H. E., Monsignori Fossi, B. C., and Young, P.: 1997, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Series, in press.Google Scholar
  7. Fontenla, J. M. and Poland, A. I.: 1989, Solar Phys. 123, 143.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Harrison, R. A.: 1995, Astron. Astrophys. 304, 585.ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Harrison, R. A., Sawyer, E. C., Carter, M. K. et al.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 233.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Hiei, E. and Widing, K. G.: 1979, Solar Phys. 61, 407.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Illing, R. M. E. and Hundhausen, A. J.: 1986, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 10951.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McAllister, A., Kurokawa, H., Shibata, K., and Nitta, N.: 1996, Solar Phys. 169, 123.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Mein, N., Schmieder, B., Simon, G., Tandberg-Hanssen, E., and Wu, S. C.: 1982, Astron. Astrophys. 114, 192.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Mouradian, Z., Martres, J. M., Soru-Escaut, I., and Gesztelyi, L.: 1987, Astron. Astrophys. 183, 129.ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Poland, A. I. and Tandberg-Hanssen, E.: 1983, Solar Phys. 84, 63.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Priest, E. R.: 1989, Dynamics and Structure of Quiescent Prominences, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  17. Raadu, M. A., Malherbe, J. M., Schmieder, B., and Mein, P.: 1987, Solar Phys. 109, 59.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Rompolt, B.: 1990, Hvar Obs. Bull. 14, 37.ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Schmieder, B.: 1989, in E. R. Priest (ed.), Dynamics and Structure of Quiescent Prominences, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland, p. 15.Google Scholar
  20. Schmieder, B.: 1992, Solar Phys. 141275CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Schmieder, B., Golub, L., and Antiochos, S.K.: 1994, Astrophys. J. 425, 326.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Shibata, K., Nozawa, S., and Matsumoto, R.: 1992, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 44, 265.ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Simnett, G. M. and Harrison, R. A.: 1985, Solar Phys. 99,291CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Tandberg-Hanssen, E.: 1974, Solar Prominences, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  25. Tandberg-Hanssen, E.: 1995, The Nature of Solar Prominences, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  26. van Ballegooijen, A. A. and Martens, P. C. H.: 1989, Astrophys. J. 343, 971.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Vršnak, B., Ru\(\tilde v\)djak, V., and Rompolt, B.: 1992, Solar Phys. 136, 151.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. Webb, D. F., Forbes, T. G., Arass, H., Chen, J., Martens, P., Rompolt, B., Rusin, V., Martin, S. F., and Gaizauskas, V.: 1994, Solar Phys. 153, 73.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Wiik, J. E., Dere, K. P., and Schmieder, B.: 1993, Astron. Astrophys. 273, 267.ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Wiik, J. E., Schmieder, B., Kucera, T., and Poland, A.: 1997, in B. Schmieder, J. C. del Toro Iniesta, and M. Vázquez (eds), Advances in the Physics of Sunspots, ASP96 Conferences Series 118, 278.Google Scholar
  31. Wilhelm, K., Lemaire, P., and Curdt, W: 1997, Solar Phys. 170, 75.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Wilhelm, K., Curdt, W., Marsh, E. et al.: 1996, Solar Phys. 162, 189.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Wiik
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Schmieder
    • 1
    • 3
  • T. Kucera
    • 4
    • 5
  • A. Poland
    • 5
  • P. Brekke
    • 1
  • G. Simnett
    • 6
  1. 1.ItaOsloNorway
  2. 2.Observatoire de la Côte d'AzurNice Cedex 04France
  3. 3.Observatoire de Meudon, DASOPMeudon CedexFrance
  4. 4.Applied Research CorporationLandoverU.S.A
  5. 5.Nasa/gsfc, Code 682GreenbeltU.S.A
  6. 6.University of BirminghamBirminghamU.K

Personalised recommendations