Quality and Quantity

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 323–330 | Cite as

Discrete Response Multilevel Models for Repeated Measures: An Application to Voting Intentions Data

  • Maria Ferrao Barbosa
  • Harvey Goldstein


Repeated measures data can be modelled as a two-levelmodel where occasions (level one units) are grouped byindividuals (level two units). Goldstein et al. (1994)proposed a multilevel time series model when theresponse variable follows a Normal distribution andthe measurements are taken with unequal timeintervals. This paper extends the methodology todiscrete response variables. The models are applied toBritish Election Study data consisting of repeatedmeasures of voting intention.

discrete response longitudinal data multilevel model repeated measures time series underdispersion voting intentions 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Ferrao Barbosa
    • 1
  • Harvey Goldstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of EducationUniversity of LondonUK

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