Quality and Quantity

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 243–260 | Cite as

Out of Welfare: Functioning of Income Support in Torino

  • Nicoletta Bosco
  • Dalit Contini
  • Nicola Negri


This paper explores the opportunities provided by a file of longitudinal data regarding income support benefits for able bodied poor in order to understand the functioning of the local social assistance system in Torino. The features of this system, its ‘selective-categorized’ character and the differences from universalistic systems are analyzed. In this framework, the duration of the periods users receive benefits has been studied by means of event history analysis. The probability of exit from welfare is related to socio-demographic characteristics of recipients. In particular we observe a lower propensity to exit for female headed households and households with children. The probability of exit appears to be affected also by labour market conditions, being higher when these are more favourable. The exit rate does not decrease as time elapsed in welfare moves on. We observe the existence of different styles of assistance among the different social services within the city. Difficulties related to the interpretation of the empirical results, given the selective-categorized features of the social assistance system, are emphasized. Finally, we discuss some theoretical issues about evaluation of income support policies.

All the sections of this paper are the result of the cooperation of the authors. Nicola Negri has coordinated the various steps of the work and has written Section 5 with Contini. Nicoletta Bosco has mainly worked with Nicola Negri to prepare the data archive and has written Sections 2 and 3. Dalit Contini has discussed with Negri and Bosco the model of empirical analysis and has implemented it; she has written Sections 4 and 6. All authors share Section 1 and 7.

income support policies longitudinal analysis evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicoletta Bosco
    • 1
  • Dalit Contini
    • 2
  • Nicola Negri
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze SocialiUniversità di TorinoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Statistica e Matematica Applicata alle Scienze UmaneUniversità di TorinoItaly

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