Pastoral Psychology

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 133–145 | Cite as

Assessing Spiritual Health via Four Domains of Spiritual Wellbeing: The SH4DI

  • John W. Fisher
  • Leslie J. Francis
  • Peter Johnson


This study argues for the assessment of spiritual health in terms of four domains of wellbeing concerned with self, community, environment, and God. This view of spiritual health is supported by data from 311 teachers in the UK. The Spiritual Health in Four Domains Index (SH4DI) developed from these data both provides an overall index of spiritual health and distinguishes among six different spiritual health perspectives represented by personalists, communalists, environmentalists, religionists, existentialists, and globalists.


Cross Cultural Psychology Spiritual Wellbeing Spiritual Health Domain Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • John W. Fisher
    • 1
  • Leslie J. Francis
    • 2
  • Peter Johnson
    • 3
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of BallaratAustralia
  2. 2.Welsh National Centre for Religious EducationUniversity of Wales, BangorWalesUK
  3. 3.Welsh National Centre for Religious EducationUniversity of Wales, BangorWalesUK

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