Journal of Statistical Physics

, Volume 95, Issue 5–6, pp 1429–1503 | Cite as

Modeling of Phase Separation in Alloys with Coherent Elastic Misfit

  • Peter Fratzl
  • Oliver Penrose
  • Joel L. Lebowitz


Elastic interactions arising from a difference of lattice spacing between two coherent phases can have a strong influence on the phase separation (coarsening) behavior of alloys. If the elastic moduli are different in the two phases, the elastic interactions may accelerate, slow down or even stop the phase separation process. If the material is elastically anisotropic, the precipitates can be shaped like plates or needles instead of spheres and can arrange themselves into highly correlated patterns. Tensions or compressions applied externally to the specimen may have a strong effect on the shapes and arrangement of the precipitates. In this paper, we review the main theoretical approaches that have been used to model these effects and we relate them to experimental observations. The theoretical approaches considered are (i) “macroscopic” models treating the two phases as elastic media separated by a sharp interface, (ii) “mesoscopic” models in which the concentration varies continuously across the interface, and (iii) “microscopic” models which use the positions of individual atoms.

kinetics of phase separation quenched alloys elastic interactions sharp interface model diffuse interface models atomic lattice models 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Fratzl
    • 1
  • Oliver Penrose
    • 2
  • Joel L. Lebowitz
    • 3
  1. 1.Erich Schmid Institute of Materials Science, Austrian Academy of Sciences, and University of LeobenLeobenAustria
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsHeriot-Watt UniversityRiccarton, EdinburghU.K
  3. 3.Departments of Mathematics and PhysicsRutgers University, Hill Center, Busch CampusNew Brunswick

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