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Marine Geophysical Researches

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 553–567 | Cite as

Propagation of the Southwest Indian Ridge at the Rodrigues Triple Junction

  • Daniel Sauter
  • Véronique Mendel
  • Céline Rommevaux-Jestin
  • Philippe Patriat
  • Marc Munschy
Article

Abstract

The analysis of multibeam bathymetric data of the Southwest Indian Ridge(SWIR) domain between the triple junction traces from 68° E to theRodrigues Triple Junction (RTJ; 70° E) reveals the evolution of thisridge since magnetic anomaly 4 (8 Ma). Image processing has been used toshow that the horizontal component of strain due to a network of normal stepfaults increases dramatically between 69°30′ E and the RTJ. Thisarea close to the RTJ is characterized by a deep graben at the foot of thetriple junction trace on the African plate and by a narrow fault-boundedridge that joins an offset of the trace on the Antarctic plate. In thatarea, spreading is primarily amagmatic and dominated by tectonic extensionprocesses. To the west of 69°30′ E, some lobate bathymetricfeatures atop of a large topographic high suggest volcanic constructions.Between 68°10′ E and 69°25′ E the southern flank of theSWIR domain is wider than the northern one and is characterized by a series of 7 en echelon bathymetric highs similar in size,shape and orientation to the one centred at 69°30′E near the present-day triple junction. Their en echelon organization along the triple junction trace on the Antarctic plate and the typical lack of conjugated parts on the northern flank show that these bathymetric highs have been shifted to the south by successive northward relocalisations of the SWIR rifting zone. This evolution results in the asymmetric spreading of the SWIR in the survey area. The off-axis bathymetric highs connect to the offsets of the triple junction trace on the Antarctic plate when the Southeast Indian Ridges lightly lengthenstoward the northwest and the triple junction is relocated to the north. We propose that the SWIR lengthens toward the northeast with two propagation modes: 1) a continuous and progressive propagation with distributed deformation in preexisting crust of the Central Indian Ridge, 2) a discontinuous propagation with focusing of the deformation in a rift zone when the triple junction migrates rapidly to the north. The modes of propagation of the SWIR are related to different localisation and distribution of strain which are in turn controlled by changes of the triple junction configurations due to propagation, recession or a symmetric spreading on the Central and Southeast Indian Ridges.

Southwest Indian Ridge Rodrigues Triple Junction bathymetry 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Sauter
    • 1
  • Véronique Mendel
    • 1
  • Céline Rommevaux-Jestin
    • 2
  • Philippe Patriat
    • 3
  • Marc Munschy
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la TerreInstitut de Physique du GlobeStrasbourg CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Pétrologie, CNRS, URA 736Université P. et M. CurieParis Cedex 05France
  3. 3.Institut de Physique du Globe de ParisParis Cedex 05France

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