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Plant and Soil

, Volume 198, Issue 1, pp 33–43 | Cite as

The influence of arsenic chemical form and concentration on Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora growth and tissue arsenic concentration

  • A.A. Carbonell-Barrachina
  • M.A. Aarabi
  • R.D. DeLaune
  • R.P. Gambrell
  • W.H. PatrickJr.
Article

Abstract

Arsenic (As) uptake by two perennial coastal marsh grasses growing in hydroponic conditions was studied in relation to the chemical form and concentration of As added to nutrient solution. A 4×3×2 factorial experiment was conducted with treatments consisting of four As chemical forms [arsenite, As(III); arsenate, As(V); monomethyl arsonic acid, MMAA; and dimethyl arsinic acid, DMAA], three As concentrations (0.2, 0.8, and 2.0 mg As L-1) and two plant species (Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora). Arsenic phytoavailability and phytotoxicity were primarily determined by the As chemical form present in the nutrient solution, though As concentration also influenced both As availability and toxicity. Application of As(V) increased root, shoot and total dry matter production; this positive plant growth response may be linked with P nutrition. Organic arsenicals and As(III) were the most phytotoxic species to both marsh grasses when plant growth was considered. Arsenic uptake and transport in plant were species-specific. Phytoavailability of As followed the trend DMAA ≪MMAA ≅ As(V) < As(III). Root and shoot As concentrations significantly increased with increasing As application rates to the rooting medium, regardless of the As chemical form. Upon absorption, inorganic arsenicals and MMAA were mainly accumulated in the root system, while DMAA was readily translocated to the shoot.

arsenic phytoavailability phytotoxicity Spartina alterniflora Spartina patens wetland 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A.A. Carbonell-Barrachina
    • 1
    • 1
  • M.A. Aarabi
    • 1
  • R.D. DeLaune
    • 1
  • R.P. Gambrell
    • 1
  • W.H. PatrickJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Wetland Biogeochemistry InstituteLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeU.S.A

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