Plant and Soil

, Volume 192, Issue 1, pp 23–30

Induction of callose formation is a sensitive marker for genotypic aluminium sensitivity in maize

  • W.J. Horst
  • A.-K. Püschel
  • N. Schmohl


The screening of 37 Zea mays L. cultivars in nutrient solution using root elongation (24 h) as a parameter showed large genotypic differences in Al resistance among the genetic material evaluated.

Callose concentrations in root tips were closely and positively related to Al-induced inhibition of root elongation. Therefore, Al-induced callose formation in root tips appears to be an excellent indicator of Al injury and can be used as a selection criteria for Al sensitivity. In contrast, aluminium concentrations in root tips were not related to Al-induced inhibition of root elongation, nor to Al-induced callose formation. Callose formation was also induced by short-term A1 treatment in root tip protoplasts, and the response of protoplasts clearly reflected the cultivar-specific response to Al of intact roots. This indicates that in maize, Al sensitivity is expressed on the protoplast level.

aluminium callose protoplasts resistance toxicity Zea mays 


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • W.J. Horst
  • A.-K. Püschel
  • N. Schmohl

There are no affiliations available

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