Euphytica

, Volume 113, Issue 2, pp 135–144 | Cite as

A comparative assessment of DNA fingerprinting techniques (RAPD, ISSR, AFLP and SSR) in tetraploid potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) germplasm

  • C.E. McGregor
  • C.A. Lambert
  • M.M. Greyling
  • J.H. Louw
  • L. Warnich

Abstract

Several DNA marker systems and associated techniques are available today for fingerprinting plant germplasm but information on their relative usefulness in particular crops is limited. The study investigated PCR based DNA fingerprinting in a set of 39 potato cultivars using RAPDs (20 primers), ISSRs (6 primers), AFLPs (2 primers) and SSRs (5 primer pairs). Results show that each of the four techniques can on their own, individually identify each cultivar, but that techniques differ in the mean number of profiles generated per primer (or primer pair) per cultivar, referred to as Genotype Index (GI). The order of merit based on this criterium and in this material was AFLPs (GI = 1.0), a multi-locus SSR (GI = 0.77),RAPDs (GI = 0.53), ISSRs (GI = 0.47) and single locus SSRs (GI = 0.36). Problems in relating banding patterns to individual loci and alleles for polyploid genomes, using these techniques as they are currently employed, are also discussed.

DNA fingerprinting genotype index molecular markers Solanum tuberosum 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • C.E. McGregor
    • 1
  • C.A. Lambert
    • 2
  • M.M. Greyling
    • 1
  • J.H. Louw
    • 2
  • L. Warnich
    • 2
  1. 1.ARC RoodeplaatVegetable and Ornamental Plant InstitutePretoriaRepublic of South Africa
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsUniversity of StellenboschStellenboschRepublic of South Africa

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