Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 397, Issue 0, pp 79–87 | Cite as

A generic index of diatom assemblages as bioindicator of pollution in the Keelung River of Taiwan

  • Jiunn-Tzong Wu
Article

Abstract

The Keelung River (Taiwan) is heavily polluted by domestic, industrial and agricultural wastes. Water quality, particularly in ammonium, nitrite, silicate, and turbidity, negatively correlated with dissolved oxygen. A generic index (GI) – the ratio of abundance of Achnanthes, Cocconeis and Cymbella, to that of Cyclotella, Melosira and Nitzschia – was used to measure changes the diatom assemblages. GI values correlated well the saprobic index, diatom assemblage index, composite river water quality index and species richness of insects. It correlated less well with the trophic diatom index and distribution of fish in the river, suggesting that GI was more indicative of organic pollution than of eutrophication. Data from two of other Taiwanese rivers were used to test the applicability of GI. As in the Keelung River, GI correlated well with the saprobity index, diatom assemblage index and river water quality index.

bioindicator diatom generic index pollution river water quality 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Public Health Associations (APHA), American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation, 1992. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th edn. APHA, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  2. Cemagref, 1982. Etude des méthodes biologiques quantitatives d'appréciation de la qualité des eaux. Rapport Division Qualité des Eaux Lyon - Agence de l'Eau Rhône-Méditerranée-Corse, Pierre-Bénite, 28 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Cleve-Euler, A., 1951–55. Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri AB, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  4. Coste, M. & H. Ayphassorho, 1991. Etude de la qualité des eaux du Bassin Artois-Picardie à l'aide des communautés de diatomées benthiques (Application des indices diatomiques) Rapport Cemagref Bordeaux - Agence de l'Eau Artois-Picardie, Douai, 227 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Descy, J. P., 1979. A new approach to water quality estimation using diatoms. Nova Hedwigia 64: 305–323.Google Scholar
  6. Descy, J. P. & M. Coste, 1991. A test of methods for assessing water quality based on diatoms. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 24: 2112–2116.Google Scholar
  7. Gerloff, J. & B. J. Cholnoky, 1970. Diatomaceae II. J. Cramer Verlag, Berlin, Stuttgart. 835 pp.Google Scholar
  8. House, M. A. & D. H. Newsome, 1988. Water quality indices for the management of surface water quality. Wat. Sci. Technol. 21: 11–37.Google Scholar
  9. Kelly, M. G. & B. A. Whitton, 1995. The trophic diatom index: a new index for monitoring eutrophication in rivers. J. Appl. Phycol. 7: 433–333.Google Scholar
  10. Krammer, K. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1986–1991. Bacillariophyceae. Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Band 2 (part 1–4). Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  11. Lenoir, A. & M. Coste, 1996. Development of a practical diatom index of overall water quality applicable to the French National Water Board Network. In: Whitton B. A. & E. Rott (eds), Use of Algae for Monitoring Rivers II. Inst. Bot, Univ. Innsbruck. 29–43.Google Scholar
  12. O-Yang, C. H., 1990. Review of ranking criteria of water quality and pollution index for rivers. Tech. Rep., EPA Taiwan, EPA 79–003–10–021, 333 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Patrick, R. & C.W. Reimer, 1966. The Diatoms of the United States. Monogr. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Philadelphia. 688 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Rabenhorst, L., 1971. Die Kielselalgen Deutschlands. Parat III. Johnson Reprint Co., New York, London. 816 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Prygiel, J., 1994. Comparaison de six indices diatomiques et deux indices invertébrés pour l'estimation de la qualité de l'eau de la rivière Sensée (France). Ecol. Mediterranea 20: 121–133.Google Scholar
  16. Prygiel, J. & M. Coste, 1996. Les diatomées et indices diatomiques dans les réseaux de measure de la qualité des cours d'eau Fran+ais: Historique et Avenir. Bull. Fr. Piscic. 341/342: 65–79.Google Scholar
  17. Ross, S. L., 1977. An index system for classifying river water quality. Wat. Poll. Control 76: 113–122.Google Scholar
  18. Round, F. E., 1993. A review and methods for the use of epilithic diatoms for detecting and monitoring changes in river water quality 1993. Methods for the Examination ofWaters and Associated Materials. London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 65 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Rumeau, A. & M. Coste, 1988. Initiation à la systématique des diatomées d'eau douce pour l'utilisation pratique d'un indice diatomique générique. Bull. Fr. Piscic. 309: 1–69.Google Scholar
  20. Sláde?ek, V., 1986. Diatoms as indicators of organic pollution. Arch. Hydrochim. Hydrobiol. 14: 555–566.Google Scholar
  21. Sneath, P. H. A. & R. R. Sokal, 1973. Numerical Taxonomy. San Francisco, W.H. Freeman & Co. 350 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Watanabe, T., K. Asai & A. Houki, 1986. Numerical estimation to organic pollution of flowing water by using the epilithic diatom assemblage - diatom assemblage index (DAIpo). Sci. Total Environ. 55: 209–218.Google Scholar
  23. Whitton, B. A. & M. G. Kelly, 1995. Use of algae and other plants for monitoring rivers. Aust. J. Ecol. 20: 45–56.Google Scholar
  24. Whitton, B. A. & E. Rott (eds), 1995. Use of Algae for Monitoring Rivers II. Inst. Bot., Univ. Innsbruck. 196 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Whitton, B. A., E. Rott & G. Friedrich (eds), 1991.Use of Algae for Monitoring Rivers. Inst. Bot.,Univ. Innsbruck. 193 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Wu, J. T., 1986. Relation of change in river diatom assemblages to water pollution. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27: 234–245.Google Scholar
  27. Wu, J. T., 1997. Investigation on water resources and ecological changes: case study in Houlong River, Taiwan. Tech. Rep. SCOPE Taiwan. 86EC2A040049. 220 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Wu, J. T. & W. C. Suen, 1985. Change of algal associations in relation to water pollution. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 26: 203–212.Google Scholar
  29. Wu, J. T. & M. J. Yang, 1996. Study on the relation of algae to the water quality in Tsenwen River (III). In: Chou, C. H. (ed.), Study on Environmental Changes and Resource Management: Tsenwen River. Acad. Sin. 197–218.Google Scholar
  30. Zelinka, M. & P. Marvan, 1961. Zur Präzisierung der biologischen Klassifikation der Reinheit fliessender Gewässer. Arch. Hydrobiol. 57: 389–407.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiunn-Tzong Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Botany, Academia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of BotanyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations