Higher Education

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 217–238 | Cite as

'Preferred' patterns of academic leadership in different disciplinary (sub)cultures

  • Jouni Kekäle


Leadership and management have become subject to growing interest in the context of higher education institutions. A fundamental feature of these institutions is the division of work according to different disciplines whose perspectives, practices and tasks can vary considerably. However, research literature on leadership in academic context deals typically with the topic on a general level, not in the context of different disciplinary cultures. In this paper disciplinary differences and their impact on preferred leadership patterns are discussed in some specialisms within four disciplinary fields (history, sociology, biology and physics) on the basis of research literature and a recent qualitative study on leadership cultures in academic departments (Kekäle 1997).


High Education Qualitative Study General Level Education Institution Research Literature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allardt, E. (1995). Suunnistuksia ja kulttuurishokkeja [Orientations and Culture Shocks.] Keuruu: Otava.Google Scholar
  2. Becher, T. (1987a). 'The cultural view', in Clark, B.R. (ed.), Perspectives on Higher Education. Eight Disciplinary and Comparative Views. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  3. Becher, T. (1987b). 'The disciplinary shaping of the profession', in Clark, B.R. (ed.), The Academic Profession. National, Disciplinary and Institutional Settings. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. Becher, T. (1989a). Academic Tribes and Territories. Intellectual Enquiry and the Cultures of Disciplines. Milton Keynes: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Becher, T. (1989b). 'Historians on history', Studies in Higher Education 14(3), 263-278.Google Scholar
  6. Becher, T. (1990a). 'The counter-culture of specialisation', European Journal of Education 25(3), 333-345.Google Scholar
  7. Becher, T. (1990b). 'Physicists on physics', Studies in Higher Education 15(1), 3-19.Google Scholar
  8. Becher, T. (1994). 'Interdisciplinarity and community', in Barnett, R. (ed.), Academic Community. Discourse or Discord? Guildford: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. Becher, T and Huber, L. (1990). 'Editorial', European Journal of Education 25(3), 235-240.Google Scholar
  10. Beck, U. (1995). 'The reinvention of politics: Towards a theory of reflexive modernization', in Beck, U., Giddens, A. and Lash. S. (eds.), Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Cornwall: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  11. Biglan, A. (1973). 'The characteristics of subject matter in different scientific areas', Journal of Applied Psychology 57(3), 204-213.Google Scholar
  12. Birnbaum, R. (1989). How Colleges Work. The Cybernetics of Academic Organization and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  13. Bourdieu, P. (1993). Sociology in Question. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  14. Bowler, P.J. (1997). Ympäristötieteiden historia [The Fontana History of Environmental Sciences]. Juva: WSOY.Google Scholar
  15. Braxton, J.M. and Hargens, L.L. (1996). 'Variation among academic disciplines: Analytical frameworks and research', in Smart, J.C. (ed.), Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Volume XI. New York: Agathon Press.Google Scholar
  16. Bush, T. (1995). Theories of Educational Management. Gateshead: Paul Chapman Publishing.Google Scholar
  17. Clark, B.R. (1983). The Higher Education System. Academic Organization in Cross-National Perspective. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  18. Dearlove, J. (1995a). 'Collegiality, managerialism and leadership in English universities', Tertiary Education and Management (TEAM) 1(2), 161-169.Google Scholar
  19. Denzin, N.K. (1994). 'The art and politics of interpretation', in Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  20. Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (1994). 'Introduction. Entering the field of qualitative research', in Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  21. Foucault, M. (1979). Discipline and Punish. Hammondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
  22. Gagliardi, P. (1986). 'The creation and change of organizational cultures: A conceptual framework', Organizational Studies 7(2), 117-134.Google Scholar
  23. Gergen, K.J. (1989). 'Social psychology and the wrong revolution', European Journal of Social Psychology 19(5), 463-468.Google Scholar
  24. Griffith, B.C. and Mullins, N.C. (1972). 'Coherent social groups in scientific change', Science 177(4053), 956-964.Google Scholar
  25. Habermas, J. (1978). Knowledge and Human Interests. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  26. Hammersley, M. (1995). The Politics of Social Research. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  27. Higher Education Policy in Finland (1994). Helsinki: The Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  28. Horkheimer, M. (1991). 'Traditionaalinen ja kriittinen teoria [traditional and critical theory]', in Kotkavirta, J. (ed. and compiler), Järjen kritiikki by Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer and Herbert Marcuse. Jyväskylä: Vastapaino.Google Scholar
  29. Huber, L. (1990). 'Disciplinary cultures and social reproduction', European Journal of Education 25(3), 241-261.Google Scholar
  30. Häyrynen, Y.-P., Perho, H., Silvonen, J. and Kuittinen, M. (1992). Kaksi opiskelijapolvea, kaksi kulttuuria. Helsingin yliopiston vaikutuksista ja opiskelijain kokemusrakenteesta 1969 ja 1989. [Two Student Generations, Two Cultures of Learning. Comparison of the university experiences and the impact of teaching among students of 1969 and 1989: the case of Helsinki University.]Psychological Reports No. 13. Joensuu: University of Joensuu, Faculty of Social Sciences (English Summary).Google Scholar
  31. Jamison, A., Eyerman, R. and Cramer, J. (1990). 'Where do intellectuals come from? On the formation of intellectuals in the environment movement', in Elzinga, A., Nolin, J., Pranger, R. and Suneson, S. (eds.), In Science We Trust? Moral and Political Issues of Science in Society. Science and Technology Policy Studies 2. Lund: Lund University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Kekäle, J. (1991). Keskusteluilmapiirit Joensuun yliopiston kolmella opintosuunnalla-Laadullinen tutkimus opiskelijakulttuureista. [The Climates of Discussion Within Three Fields of Study at the University of Joensuu. A Qualitative Study on Student Cultures.]Psychological Reports No. 11. Joensuu: University of Joensuu, Faculty of Social Sciences (English Summary).Google Scholar
  33. Kekäle, J. (1993). Yliopiston ainelaitoksen organisaatiokulttuurit. [Organizational Cultures of a University Department.] Unpublished Licentiate Thesis. Joensuu: University of Joensuu, Department of Psychology (English Summary).Google Scholar
  34. Kekäle, J. (1995). 'Organizational and leadership cultures within university departments', Administrative Studies/Hallinnon tutkimus 14(2), 100-111.Google Scholar
  35. Kekäle, J. (1997). Leadership Cultures in Academic Departments. Joensuu: University of Joensuu, Publications in Social Sciences No. 26.Google Scholar
  36. Kekäle, J. (1998). 'Academic leaders and the field of possibilities', International Journal of Leadership in Education 1(3) (in press).Google Scholar
  37. Kekäle, J. and Kuittinen, M. (1993). Joensuun yliopiston pedagoginen kehittämishanke. [The Pedagogical Development Project at the University of Joensuu.]Final Report. Joensuu: JOPKE.Google Scholar
  38. Kincheloe, J.L. and McLaren, P.L. (1994). 'Rethinking critical theory and qualitative research', in Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  39. Kuhn, T.S. (1970). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  40. Lincoln, Y.S. and Denzin, N.K. (1994). 'The fifth moment', in Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  41. Lyotard, J.-F. (1984). The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Theory and History of Literature, Volume 10. Guildford: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Maassen, P.A.M. (1996). 'The concept of culture and higher education', Tertiary Education and Management 2(2), 153-159.Google Scholar
  43. Middlehurst, R. (1993). Leading Academics. Milton Keynes: SRHE & Open University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Mäenpää, A. and Mäkinen, J. (1989). Tuloksellisen johtamisen edellytyksistä korkeakouluissa. [On the Prerequisites of Effective Management in Higher Education.] Vaasa: Vaasan korkeakoulu, Länsi-Suomen taloudellinen tutkimuslaitos julkaisuja no. 24.Google Scholar
  45. Parsons, T. (1951). The Social System. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  46. Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  47. Sackmann, S.A. (1991). Cultural Knowledge in Organizations. Exploring the Collective Mind. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  48. Schein, E.H. (1985). Organizational Culture and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  49. Snow, C.P. (1969). The Two Cultures: and a Second Look. Cambridge: University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Traweek, S. (1988). Beamtimes and Lifetimes. The World of High Energy Physicists. Cambridge: Harward University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Tucker, A. (1993). Chairing the Academic Department. Leadership among Peers. American Council on Education. Series on Higher Education. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.Google Scholar
  52. Van Vught, F.A. (1992). 'Microsociology', in Clark, B.R. and Neave, G. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Higher Education. Oxford, Pergamon Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jouni Kekäle
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of JoensuuJoensuuFinland. E-mail

Personalised recommendations