Instructional Science

, Volume 26, Issue 1–2, pp 113–125 | Cite as

Promoting general metacognitive awareness

  • Gregory Schraw


I describe two aspects of metacognition, knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition, and how they are related to domain-specific knowledge and cognitive abilities. I argue that metacognitive knowledge is multidimensional, domain-general in nature, and teachable. Four instructional strategies are described for promoting the construction and acquisition of metacognitive awareness. These include promoting general awareness, improving self-knowledge and regulatory skills, and promoting learning environments that are conducive to the construction and use of metacognition.


Learning Environment Cognitive Ability Instructional Strategy Metacognitive Knowledge Regulatory Skill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory Schraw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyThe University of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnU.S.A

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