Instructional Science

, Volume 26, Issue 1–2, pp 113–125 | Cite as

Promoting general metacognitive awareness

  • Gregory Schraw
Article

Abstract

I describe two aspects of metacognition, knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition, and how they are related to domain-specific knowledge and cognitive abilities. I argue that metacognitive knowledge is multidimensional, domain-general in nature, and teachable. Four instructional strategies are described for promoting the construction and acquisition of metacognitive awareness. These include promoting general awareness, improving self-knowledge and regulatory skills, and promoting learning environments that are conducive to the construction and use of metacognition.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory Schraw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyThe University of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnU.S.A

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