De Economist

, Volume 145, Issue 3, pp 325–343 | Cite as

A household production model of paid labor, household work and child care

  • Henriëtte Maassen van den Brink
  • Wim Groot


In this paper we use data on time allocation of women to estimate the value of market and non-market work. Four time use categories are distinguished: paid work, houshold work, care for children, and leisure. The estimation results show that the value of non-market production (household production and child care) is substantial and exceeds that of market production (paid work).

household production child care allocation of time 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blau, D. and M. Ferber, 1986, The Economics of Women, Men and Work, Englewood Cliffs, New Yersey, Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Bruyn-Hundt, M., 1985, Household=Unpaid Labor: But Housewife's Wage is not the Solution ('Huishouden=onbetaalde arbeid: maar huisvrouwenloon geen oplossing), Deventer, Van Loghum Slaterus.Google Scholar
  3. CBS, 1994, 'Time Allocation of Women and Men by Household Type' ('Tijdsbesteding van vrouwen en mannen naar huishoudenstype'), Sociaal-Culturele Berichten, 1994/20. pp. 3-32.Google Scholar
  4. Flood, L. and A. Klevmarken, 1992, 'Market Work, Household Work and Leisure: An Analysis of Time Use in Sweden,' Paper for 22nd Conference of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Flims, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  5. Graham, J. and C. Green, 1984, 'Estimating the Parameters of a Household Production Function with Joint Products,' Review of Economics and Statistics, 66, pp. 277-282.Google Scholar
  6. Gronau, R., 1980, 'Home Production-A Forgotten Industry,' Review of Economics and Statistics, 62, pp. 408-416.Google Scholar
  7. Gronau, R., 1986, 'Home Production-A Survey,' in: O. Ashenfelter and R. Layard (eds.), Handbook of Labor Economics, Amsterdam, Elsevier SP, pp. 273-303.Google Scholar
  8. Heckman, J., 1974, 'Shadow Prices, Market Wages and Labor Supply,' Econometrica, 42, pp. 679-694.Google Scholar
  9. Homan, M., 1988, 'The Allocation of Time and Money in One-earner and Two-earner Families; An Economic Analysis,' PhD thesis, Erasmus University, Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  10. Juster, T. and F. Stafford, 1991, 'The Allocation of Time: Empirical Findings, Behavioral Models, and Problems of Measurement,' Journal of Economic Literature, 29, pp. 471-522.Google Scholar
  11. Kapteyn, A. and I. Woittiez, 1986, 'Labor Supply and the Formation of Preferences: An Exploratory Study on Dynamic Labor Supply' ('Arbeidsaanbod en voorkeursvorming: een verkennende studie naar de dynamiek in het gedrag van aanbieders van arbeid'), OSA-Werkdocument 23, The Hague.Google Scholar
  12. Kerkhofs, M., 1994, 'A Quadratic Model of Home Production Decisions,' Discussion Paper TI94-45, Tinbergen Institute, Amsterdam/Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  13. Kiker, B. and M. Mendes de Oliveira, 1992, 'Optimal Allocation of Time and Estimation of Market Wage Functions,' Journal of Human Resources, 27, pp. 445-471.Google Scholar
  14. Killingsworth, M. and J. Heckman, 1986, 'Female Labor Supply, A Survey,' in: O. Ashenfelter and R. Layard (eds.), Handbook of Labor Economics, I, Amsterdam, North Holland, pp. 103-204.Google Scholar
  15. Kooreman, P. 1987, 'The Effects of Taxes on the Choice between Market and Non-market Work,' Working Paper, Tilburg University.Google Scholar
  16. Kooreman, P. and A. Kapteyn, 1987, 'A Disaggregated Analysis of the Allocation of Time within the Household,' Journal of Political Economy, 95, pp. 223-249.Google Scholar
  17. Lippe, T. van der, 1992, 'The Distribution of Household and Paid Labor in The Netherlands' ('De verdeling van huishoudelijk en betaald werk in Nederland'), Mens en Maatschappij, 67, pp. 128-139.Google Scholar
  18. Maassen van den Brink, H., 1994, Female Labor Supply, Child Care and Marital Conflict, Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Meijer, L., 1996, 'Mothers with Paid Work Spend Less Time on their Children' ('Moeder met baan besteedt minder tijd aan haar kinderen'), Demos, pp. 29-31.Google Scholar
  20. Mincer, J. 1962, 'Labor Force Participation of Married Women: A Study of Labor Supply,' in: H. Gregg Lewis (ed.), Aspects of Labor Economics, New York, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  21. SCP, 1992, 'Social-Cultural Report 1992' ('Sociaal-Cultureel rapport 1992'), Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau, Rijswijk, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  22. Theeuwes, J. and I. Woittiez, 1992, 'Advising the Minister on the Elasticity of Labour Supply,' Research Memorandum 92.06, Department of Economics, Leiden University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henriëtte Maassen van den Brink
    • 1
  • Wim Groot
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations