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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 19–26 | Cite as

Nuclear Melatonin Receptors

  • A. N. Smirnov
Article

Abstract

Current opinions on the potential role of orphan nuclear retinoid receptors of the ROR/RZR subfamily in regulatory activities of the pineal gland hormone melatonin are reviewed. The mechanisms of receptor–DNA interactions and known coactivators, tissue peculiarities of the expression of different receptor isoforms, and its regulation are described. The spectrum of probable targets for regulation by the receptors, the most promoted of which in this aspect being the immune and central nervous systems, is traced. It is clear that for final “adoption” of the orphan ROR/RZR receptors, there is need for a full collaboration of endocrinologists for solution of the still debatable questions whether and under which situations melatonin does serve as a physiological modulator of the activities of these receptors.

melatonin orphan nuclear receptors ROR/RZR RORE hormone response elements differentiation regulation immune system nervous system lipid metabolism 

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Smirnov
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Endocrinology, School of BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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