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General Relativity and Gravitation

, Volume 32, Issue 9, pp 1777–1798 | Cite as

Gravitational-Recoil Effects on Fermion Propagation in Space-Time Foam

  • John Ellis
  • N. E. Mavromatos
  • D. V. Nanopoulos
  • G. Volkov
Article

Abstract

Motivated by the possible experimental opportunities to test quantum gravity via its effects on high-energy neutrinos propagating through space-time foam, we discuss how to incorporate spin structures in our D-brane description of gravitational recoil effects in vacuo. We also point to an interesting analogous condensed-matter system. We use a suitable supersymmetrization of the Born-Infeld action for excited D-brane gravitational backgrounds to argue that energetic fermions may travel slower than the low-energy velocity of light: δc/c ∼ −E/M. It has been suggested that Gamma-Ray Bursters may emit pulses of neutrinos at energies approaching 1019 eV: these would be observable only if M ≳ 1027 GeV.

Variable light velocity D-branes 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Ellis
    • 1
  • N. E. Mavromatos
    • 2
  • D. V. Nanopoulos
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • G. Volkov
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Theory DivisionCERNGeneva 23Switzerland
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Wheatstone LaboratoryKing's College London, StrandLondonUnited Kingdom
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsTexas A & M UniversityCollege Station
  4. 4.Astroparticle Physics GroupHouston Advanced Research Center (HARC)Woodlands
  5. 5.Division of Natural SciencesAcademy of AthensAthensGreece
  6. 6.Institute for High-Energy PhysicsMoscow RegionRussia

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