Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 259–273

Expanded School Mental Health Services: Assessing Needs Related to School Level and Geography

  • Mark D. Weist
  • C. Patrick Myers
  • Jeffrey Danforth
  • Daniel W. McNeil
  • Thomas H. Ollendick
  • Robert Hawkins
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1001957130982

Cite this article as:
Weist, M.D., Myers, C.P., Danforth, J. et al. Community Ment Health J (2000) 36: 259. doi:10.1023/A:1001957130982

Abstract

We surveyed 62 school administrators from three midatlantic (MD, VA, WV) and one northeastern (CT) state on factors relevant to developing school-based mental health programs. Administrators were from schools that varied on education level (elementary, middle, and high) and geographic location (urban, suburban, and rural), with equivalent numbers in each subgroup. Administrators provided ratings to questions grouped in five categories: (a) Stressful Conditions, (b) Internalizing Behavioral Problems, (c) Externalizing Behavioral Problems, (d) Substance Abuse, and (e) Barriers to Mental Health Care, and provided open-ended comments on needs of youth and mental health programs for them. They rated behavioral and substance abuse problems as progressively more serious as students advanced in school level. Urban youth were reported to encounter higher stress and present more severe internalizing problems than suburban or rural youth. Suburban and rural schools provided more health and mental health services than urban schools. Across geographic locales, physical health services far outnumbered mental health services. Findings related to barriers to mental health care, and the viability of schools as delivery sites for comprehensive mental health services, are discussed.

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark D. Weist
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Patrick Myers
    • 3
  • Jeffrey Danforth
    • 4
  • Daniel W. McNeil
    • 5
  • Thomas H. Ollendick
    • 6
  • Robert Hawkins
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for School Mental Health Assistance (CSMHA)University of Maryland School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of MarylandBaltimore
  3. 3.University of Maryland School of MedicineUSA
  4. 4.Eastern Connecticut State UniversityUSA
  5. 5.West Virginia UniversityUSA
  6. 6.Virginia TechUSA

Personalised recommendations