Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 252, Issue 1–2, pp 25–40 | Cite as

Cosmology and Civilizations

  • N.S. Kardashev


The available observational date and cosmological models indicate the possible existence of supercivilizations with ages of technological development 6-8 gigayears larger than on the Earth. The probability of their detection is probably conne with observations at wavelengths from 3 mcm to 3 mm, and also with the solution of the hidden mass problem and searches for multiconnection of the Universe.


Observational Date Technological Development Cosmological Model Mass Problem Hide Mass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • N.S. Kardashev
    • 1
  1. 1.Astro Space Center of P.N.Lebedev Physical InstituteMoscow

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