Host plant resistance is an important tool in the management of the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar). Although ovipositing females do not discriminate between resistant and susceptible cultivars, plants of resistant cultivars have smaller larval populations and sustain less damage in the field. These observations suggest that lower damage levels observed in resistant cultivars reflect larval success. This study was carried out to evaluate laboratory screening of banana cultivars as a rapid screening method for resistance to the banana weevil by determining the influence of cultivars on weevil survivorship, development duration and adult weight. Larvae were raised on corm pieces of two susceptible, three intermediate and four resistant cultivars, resistance categories having been determined from a previous field screening trial. The developmental period was prolonged in resistant cultivars. However, cultivars had less influence on survivorship and adult weight. Moreover, the ranking of survivorship did not correlate with resistance levels observed in the field. The implications of these findings for laboratory screening of cultivars for resistance to C. sordidus are highlighted.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abera A. M. K., Gold C. S. and Kyamanywa S. (1999) Timing and distribution of attack by the banana weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in East African highland banana (Musa spp.). The Florida Entomologist 82, 631–641.
Abera K. A. M., Gold C. S., Kyamanywa S. and Karamura E. B. (2000) Banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus Germar ovipositional preferences, timing of attack and larval survivorship in a mixed cultivar trial in Uganda. Acta Horticulturae 540, 487–496.
Chan B. G., Waiss A. C. J. and Lukefahr M. (1978) Condensed tannin, an antibiotic chemical from Gossypium hirsutum. Journal of Insect Physiology 24, 113–118.
Cheng C. and Pathak M. D. (1972) Resistance to Nephotettix virescens in rice varieties. Journal of Economic Entomology 65, 1148–1153.
de Wilde J. (1958) Host plant selection in the Colorado beetle larva (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 1, 14–22.
Gold C. S. and Bagabe M. I. (1997) Banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), infestations of cooking- and beer-bananas in adjacent plantations in Uganda. African Entomology 5, 103–108.
Gold C. S., Ogenga-Latigo M. W., Tushemereirwe W., Kashaija I. and Nankinga C. (1993) Farmer perceptions of banana pest constraints in Uganda: results from a rapid rural appraisal, pp. 3–24. In Biological and Integrated Control of Highland Banana and Plantain Pests and Diseases. Proceedings of a Research Co-ordination Meeting, 12–14 November 1991, IITA, Cotonou, Benin (edited by C. S. Gold and B. Gemmill). IITA, Ibadan.
Gold C. S., Pena J. E. and Karamura E. B. (2001) Biology and integrated pest management for the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6, 79–155.
Kiggundu A. (2000) Host-plant interactions and resistance mechanisms to banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) in Ugandan Musa germplasm. MSc thesis, University of Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africas. 98 pp.
Kiggundu A., Gold C. S., Labuschagne M. T., Vuylsteke D. and Laow S. (2003) Levels of host plant resistance to banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Ugandan Musa germplasm. Euphytica 133, 267–277.
Kiggundu A., Vuylsteke D. and Gold C. S. (1999) Recent advances in host plant resistance to banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar, pp. 87–96. In Mobilizing IPM for Sustainable Banana Production in Africa. Proceedings of a Workshop on Banana IPM, 23–28 November, INIBAP, Nelspruit, South Africa (edited by E. Frison, C. S. Gold, E. B. Karamura and R. A. Sikora). INIBAP, Montpellier.
Klinger J., Powell G., Thompson G. A. and Isaacs R. (1998) Phloem specific aphid resistance in Cucumis melo line AR5: effects on feeding behaviour and performance by Aphis gossypii. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 86, 79–88.
Kogan M. (1982) Plant resistance in pest management, pp. 93–134. In Introduction to Insect Pest Management (edited by R. L. Metcalf and W. H. Luckmann). John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Koppenhofer A. M. (1993) Observations on egg-laying behaviour of the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 68, 187–192.
Mesquita A. L. M., Alves E. J. and Caldas R. C. (1984) Resistance of banana cultivars to Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar, 1824). Fruits 39, 254–257.
Night G. (2006) Mechanisms and distribution of resistance to banana weevil (Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar)) and the influence of plant nutrition on expression of resistance in banana. PhD thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA. 237 pp.
Ortiz R., Vuylsteke D., Dumpe B. and Ferris R. S. B. (1995) Banana weevil resistance and corm hardness in Musa germplasm. Euphytica 86, 95–102.
Painter R. H. (1951) Insect Resistance in Crop Plants. Macmillan, New York. 520 pp.
Rukazambuga N. D. T. M., Gold C. S. and Gowen S. R. (1998) Yield loss in East African highland banana (Musa spp. AAA-EA) caused by the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar. Crop Protection 17, 581–589.
Scriber J. M. and Slansky F. J. (1981) The nutritional ecology of immature insects. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 183–211.
Seshu-Reddy K. V. and Lubega M. C. (1993) Evaluation of banana cultivars for resistance to/tolerance of the weevil Cosmopolites sordidus Germar, pp. 143–148. In Breeding Banana and Plantain for Resistance to Diseases and Pests (edited by J. Ganry). CIRAD/INIBAP, Montpellier.
Thomas M. and Waage J. (1996) Integration of Biological Control and Host Plant Resistance Breeding, A Scientific Literature Review. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (ACP-EEC), Wageningen. 99 pp.
van Emden H. F. and Bashford M. A. (1976) The effect of leaf excision on the performance of Myzus persicae and Brevicoryne brassicae in relation to the nutrient treatment of the plants. Physiological Entomology 1, 67–71.
About this article
Cite this article
Night, G., Gold, C.S. & Power, A.G. Survivorship and development rates of banana weevils reared on excised plant material of different banana cultivars. Int J Trop Insect Sci 30, 77–83 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742758410000111
- host plant resistance
- development duration
- banana weevil
- Cosmopolites sordidus