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Safe and sustainable management of legume pests and diseases in Thailand and Vietnam: a situational analysis

  • Pepijn SchreinemachersEmail author
  • Ramasamy Srinivasan
  • Mei-Huey Wu
  • Madhusudan Bhattarai
  • Ricardo Patricio
  • Sopana Yule
  • Vu Hong Quang
  • Bui Thi Huy Hop
Research Paper

Abstract

Vegetable legumes are important crops in tropical agriculture, but they are susceptible to a substantial number of arthropod pests and diseases. Using farm-level survey data for 240 farm households growing yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis) in Thailand and Vietnam, this study shows that the farmers’ main problem is the legume pod borer (Maruca vitrata). Farmers rely exclusively on the use of synthetic pesticides to manage this pest, and no other control methods are generally applied. Small cultivated areas for growing yard-long bean (particularly in Vietnam), a high level of satisfaction with the use of pesticides and a lack of market demand for pesticide-free produce are formidable challenges to the introduction of integrated pest management (IPM). It is important to ensure that IPM methods, if adopted, do not reduce profits and that farmers are allowed to experiment with these methods while raising awareness in the general population about the risk resulting from pesticide exposure.

Key words

agriculture Maruca vitrata IPM pesticide misuse crop protection policy 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pepijn Schreinemachers
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ramasamy Srinivasan
    • 1
  • Mei-Huey Wu
    • 1
  • Madhusudan Bhattarai
    • 2
  • Ricardo Patricio
    • 3
  • Sopana Yule
    • 4
  • Vu Hong Quang
    • 5
  • Bui Thi Huy Hop
    • 5
  1. 1.AVRDC — The World Vegetable CenterShanhua, TainanTaiwan
  2. 2.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia
  3. 3.Goducate (Go & Educate) International Ltd, One CommonwealthSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.AVRDC — The World Vegetable Center, East and Southeast Asia, Research and Training StationKasetsart UniversityNakhon PathomThailand
  5. 5.Department of Science and International CooperationVietnam Academy of Agricultural SciencesHa NoiVietnam

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