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Efficacy and persistence of Metarhizium acridum (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) used against desert locust larvae, Schistocerca gregaria (Orthoptera: Acrididae), under different vegetation cover types

  • Mohamed Ould AtheimineEmail author
  • Magzoub Omer Bashir
  • Sidi Ould Ely
  • Cherif Mohamed Habib Kane
  • Sid’ Ahmed Ould Mohamed
  • Mohamed Abdallahi Ould Babah
  • Mounsif Benchekroun
Research Paper

Abstract

The effect of vegetation cover (millet) on the efficacy and conidial persistence of Metarhizium acridum (Driver & Milner) J.F. Bisch., Rehner & Humber was evaluated in semi-field conditions using breeding cages (2 × 2 × 1 m). A mixed population of third- and fourth-instar desert locust larvae, Schistocerca gregaria Forsskål, was used as a target. The insects were exposed in two different vegetation cover types classified as low (about 10%) and high (about 90%). Metarhizium acridum was used at a dose of 2.5 × 1012 conidia/ha in two different application volumes: 1 and 21/ha. Untreated insects kept in contact with treated vegetation were monitored to evaluate the persistence of conidia. The results showed that vegetation cover did not significantly (F = 1.320; P = 0.334) affect the efficacy of M. acridum. Under the high vegetation cover, the increase in the applied volume rate to 21/ha significantly improved the speed of mortality. Conidia persisted 6 days after treatment with a remarkable effect on untreated larvae exposed to the treated vegetation, In addition, the results of this study showed the efficacy of M. acridum in the low vegetation cover. With an important mass of vegetation, M. acridum conidia could persist even under high temperature conditions.

Key words

Schistocerca gregaria Metarhizium acridum conidial persistence vegetation cover 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Ould Atheimine
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magzoub Omer Bashir
    • 2
  • Sidi Ould Ely
    • 1
  • Cherif Mohamed Habib Kane
    • 1
  • Sid’ Ahmed Ould Mohamed
    • 1
  • Mohamed Abdallahi Ould Babah
    • 1
  • Mounsif Benchekroun
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre National de Lutte AntiacridienneNouakchottMauritanie
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of KhartoumShambatSudan
  3. 3.Laboratoire Agro-alimentaire et santéUniversité Hassan 1er, Faculté des Sciences et TechniquesSettatMaroc

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