International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 212–218 | Cite as

Potential use of Sesbania pachycarpa (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae) as a refugia for the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

  • Ibrahim Baoua
  • Niango Malick BaEmail author
  • Tolulope A. Agunbiade
  • Venu Margam
  • Clémentine L. Binso-Dabiré
  • Sanon Antoine
  • Barry R. Pittendrigh


Deployment of cowpea with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt-cowpea), to control Maruca vitrata Fab., must be preceded by the development of an insect resistance management (IRM) plan to ensure a sustainable use of the in-plant protection offered by the transgenic variety. One of the components of a resistance management plan involves the use of wild or cultivated host plants as refugia. In West Africa, wild refugia have the potential to be a major component of such an IRM strategy. In the current study, we examined the occurrence of M. vitrata on three cultivated cowpea varieties and one wild alternative host, Sesbania pachycarpa D.C. Our results indicate that M. vitrata population overlapped on the wild host and cowpea. The overall insect population on S. pachycarpa represents 9–13% of the population on cultivated cowpea. Based on these findings, we suggest that S. pachycarpa may contribute as a refuge for M. vitrata population in case of deployment of Bt-cowpea.

Key words

Maruca vitrata Sesbania pachycarpa resistance management Bt-cowpea 


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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim Baoua
    • 1
  • Niango Malick Ba
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tolulope A. Agunbiade
    • 3
  • Venu Margam
    • 4
  • Clémentine L. Binso-Dabiré
    • 2
  • Sanon Antoine
    • 5
  • Barry R. Pittendrigh
    • 3
  1. 1.Intitut de Recherches Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)MaradiNiger
  2. 2.Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA)Station de KamboinséOuagadougou 01Burkina Faso
  3. 3.Department of EntomologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbana-ChampaignUSA
  4. 4.Department of EntomologyPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  5. 5.Laboratory of Fundamental and Applied EntomologyUniversity of OuagadougouOuagadougouBurkina Faso

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