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Semi-captive rearing of the African wild silkmoth Gonometa postica (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) on an indigenous and a non-indigenous host plant in Kenya

  • Boniface M. NgokaEmail author
  • Esther N. Kioko
  • Suresh K. Raina
  • Jones M. Mueke
  • David M. Kimbu
Article

Abstract

The life cycle of the African wild silkmoth Gonometa postica Walker was studied between September 2000 and September 2001 in the Uasin Gishu District of western Kenya with Acacia mearnsii de Wild and Acacia hockii de Wild as host plants. The initial population of G. postica was set up from healthy live pupae in cocoons collected from host plants in the study area. Oviposition was carried out in net sleeves and small plastic cages. Moth emergence and oviposition were bimodal, occurring between September and October 2000 and between March and April 2001, respectively. Larvae were reared in semi-captivity by using net sleeves on the branches of the two host plants. Larvae passed through six developmental instars. The pupal stage lasted from December to February during the short rains and from June to September during the long rains. Moth fecundity in the net sleeves was higher than that of those kept in plastic cages and fewer eggs hatched in the plastic cages compared with the net sleeves. Larvae reared on A. mearnsii had a shorter developmental period compared with those reared on A. hockii. Male larvae spun cocoons earlier than females but moths of both sexes emerged simultaneously. Sexual dimorphism was exhibited in both pupal and adult stages, females being larger and heavier than males. The importance of the semi-captive rearing technique for sustainable utilization of wild silkmoths for mass production of cocoons is discussed.

Key words

African wild silkmoth Gonometa postica semi-captive rearing life cycle Acacia hockii Acacia mearnsii 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boniface M. Ngoka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Esther N. Kioko
    • 1
  • Suresh K. Raina
    • 1
  • Jones M. Mueke
    • 2
  • David M. Kimbu
    • 1
  1. 1.ICIPE—African Insect Science for Food and HealthNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesKenyatta UniversityNairobiKenya

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