Advertisement

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 601–605 | Cite as

Effects of Nitrogen on Stem Borer Damage in Sorghum/Millet Mixture

  • K. A. Elemo
  • O. Ajayi
Research Article

Abstract

Effects of nitrogen on stem borer damage in a sorghum/millet mixture were investigated in Nigeria. Millet and sorghum grain yield as well as stem borer infestation were not significantly influenced by rate and time of nitrogen application. Borer (Acigona ignefusalis) infestation on millet was very severe in 1984, resulting in total crop failure. In 1985, millet produced grains because of lower borer infestation and damage; the yield of sole millet was thrice that of millet in mixture, whereas the sole crop density was twice that in the mixture. Unlike millet, sorghum produced grains in 1984 despite severe damage by Busseola fusca. Sole sorghum yielded five times the mixture in 1984 but two and a half times in 1985. Borer damage was generally more severe in the mixture.

Résumé

Les effets de l’azote sur le dommage du foreur des tiges dans l’association sorgho/mil ont été examinés au Nigeria. Le rendement en grain du mil et du sorgho aussi bien que l’infestation par le foreur des tiges n’etaient pas influencés significativement par le taux et le temps d’application de l’azote.

Infestation sur le mil par le foreur (Acigona ignefusalis) etait très sévère en 1984, resultant à l’échec total de la culture. En 1985, le mil à produit des grains à cause de l’infestation moindre et le dommage, le rendement du mil en monoculture etait le triple de celui du mil en association alors que la densité de la monoculture etait le double de celle de la culture en association. A la difference du mil, le sorgho a produit des grains en 1984 en dépit de dommage sévère par Busseola fusca. La monoculture du sorgho a donné un rendement cinq fois plus que l’association en 1984 mais deux fois et demi en 1985. Le dommage du foreur etait en général plus sévère dans l’association.

Key Words

Nitrogen stem borer millet sorghum crop mixture sole crop Acigona ignefusalis Busseola fusca

Mots Cléfs

Azote foreur des tiges mil sorgho association des cultures monoculture Acigona ignefusalis sseola fusca 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adesiyun A.A. (1983) Some effects of intercropping sorghum, millet and maize on infestation by lepidopterous stalk-borers, particularly Busseola fusca. Insect Sci. Applic. 4, 387–391.Google Scholar
  2. Ajayi O. (1978) Control of sorghum, millet and wheat field insect pests. Paper presented at 2nd National Sorghum Millet and Wheat Workshop, Zaria Hotel, 17–19 April, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. Gahukar R.T. (1978) Control strategies for the major pests of sorghum and millets in West Africa. Proceedings AAASA 3rd General Conference 1978, Vol. III, 169–189.Google Scholar
  4. Harris K. M. (1962) Lepidopterous stem borers of cereals in Nigeria. Bull. Entomol. Res. 53, 139–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Harris K.M. (1964) Annual variations of dry season populations of larvae of Busseolafusca (Fuller) in Northern Nigeria. Bull. Entomol. Res. 54, 643–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harris K.M. (1985) Lepidopterous stem borers of sorghum. Proceedings of the International Sorghum Entomol. Workshop, 15–21 July, 1984. Texas A & M University, USA.Google Scholar
  7. Lawani S.M. (1982) A review of the effects of various agronomic practices on cereal stem borer populations. Trop. Pest Manage. 28, 266–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Singh L., Egharevba P.N., Ogunlela V.B. and Balasubramanian V. (1983a) New fertilizer recommendation for sole crop millet. Paper presented to the Professional and Academic Board of the Institute for Agricultural Research Samaru, Zaria.Google Scholar
  9. Singh L., Ogunlela V.B., Egharevba P.N. and Balasubramanian V. (1983b) Proposed new fertilizer recommendation for sole crop sorghum. Paper presented to the Professional and Academic Board of the Institute for Agricultural Research Samaru, Zaria.Google Scholar
  10. Storks K. J., Schumaker G. and Eberhart S.A. (1971) Soil fertility and damage by Chilo zonellus to grain sorghum. J. Econ. Entomol. 64, 740–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. A. Elemo
    • 1
  • O. Ajayi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Crop Protection, Institute for Agricultural ResearchAhmadu Bello UniversitySamaraNigeria

Personalised recommendations