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International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 649–676 | Cite as

Social and Economic Aspects of Integrated Vector Management as it Relates to Disease Control

  • Shibru Tedla
Article

Abstract

This paper examines social and economic aspects of integrated vector management in relation to the control of various vector-borne human diseases. The role of the human environment and activities in transmitting and in controlling human diseases is described. Common vector-borne human and domestic animal diseases in the tropics are listed and described in relation to their carriers (vectors), geographical regions of prevalence, approximate numbers of humans affected and likely remedial strategies. The benefits of integrated vector control as opposed to chemical control are discussed and supported with examples from various parts of the world. The paper ends by listing World Health Organisation recommendations on how to control human vector-borne diseases.

Keywords

disease vectors human vector-borne diseases integrated vector control disease transmission biological control 

Résumé

Cet article examine les aspects sociaux et économiques de la lutte antivectorielle dirigée concernant la lutte contre de nombreuses maladies humaines transmises par des vecteurs. Le rôle de l’environnement et des activités humaines dans la transmission et la lutte contre les maladies humaines y est décrit. Les maladies vectorielles communes à l’homme et aux animaux domestiques sous les tropiques sont énumérées et décrites en relation avec leurs porteurs (vecteurs), les régions de prévalence, le nombre approximatif d’humains affectés et des stratégies de prévention. Les bénéfices à tirer de la lutte antivectorielle integrée, par opposition à la lutte chimique, sont discutés et soutenus par des exemples tirés de plusieurs régions du monde. L’article se termine par l’émunération des recommendations de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé sur les modalités de lutte contre les maladies humaines transmises par des vecteurs.

Mots Clés

vecteurs de maladie maladies humaines transmises par des vecteurs lutte antivectorielle intégrée transmission de maladie lutte biologique 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shibru Tedla
    • 1
  1. 1.ECO-Consult: An Environment and Development ConcernAddis AbabaEthiopia

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