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The Role of Natural Products in Integrated Tick Management in Africa

  • C. K. M. Kaposhi
Biological Control, Natural Products and Social Science

Abstract

The use of synthetic acaricides in tick control is increasingly becoming more expensive. As a result, a lot of Africa’s resource-poor farmers are failing to dip their cattle regularly. Natural products offer these farmers a cheaper alternative to synthetic acaricides. There is indeed a great potential for the use of Africa’s huge natural resources, the plants to develop sources of acaricides to reduce the cost of tick control being locally available and potentially being able to be produced and used by farmers themselves or by cottage industries. It is, however, necessary that research centres such as ICIPE encourage the development of systematic research on natural products in order to bring about the Tephrosia vogelii leaf extracts observed to be highly toxic to one-, two- and three-host ticks and cattle sprayed with the extract had a residual protection period of 10 days from re-infestation by ticks.

Key Words

Natural products integrated tick management acaricides resource-poor anti-allatotropic juvenile hormone boluses acaricidal plants rotenone crude leaf extract residual protection toxic residues 

Résumé

L’utilisation des acaricides synthetiques dans la tique du contrôle est en train de devenir de plus en plus chère. Et comme résultat, beaucoup de fermiers africains qui ont une pauvre ressource ne parviennent pas a tremper leurs bétail regulièrement. Par contre, le produits naturels offrent a ces fermiers une facan moins chère aux acaricides synthetiques. De toute façon, il y a un grand potentiel pour l’utilisation des immenses ressources naturels d’Afrique. Les plantes pour déveloper les sources des acaricides pour diminuer le coût de la tique étant localement disponible et potentiellement étant capable d’être produites et utilisées par les fermiers eux-mêmes ou par les artisanats. Il est pourtant nécessaire que les centres de recherches tel que ICIPE encouragent le développement de la recherche systèmatique sur des produits naturels afin d’apporter au moins les extraits de la feuille Tephrosia vogetii qui étaient observés d’être d’une grande toxique a un hôte, deux hôtes et trois hôte les tiques et le bétail asperge avec l’extrait avait une période de protection residue de dix jours a partir de la re-infestation par les tiques.

Mots Clés

Produits naturels l’administration de la tique integrée acaricides pauvre ressource anti-allotiopique hormone juvenile boluses plantes acaricides rotenone extrait de la feuille brut protection residue residu toxique 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. K. M. Kaposhi
    • 1
  1. 1.National Council for Scientific ResearchLivestock and Pest Research CentreChilangaZambia

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