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Non-Chemical Agents and Factors Capable of Regulating Tick Populations in Nature: A Mini Review

  • Godwin P. Kaaya
Biological Control, Natural Products and Social Science

Abstract

Ticks have always been a major obstacle to livestock production due to the devastating diseases which they transmit especially in the tropics. The control of ticks which has relied heavily on the use of acaricides is now faced with serious problems e.g. increased resistance in ticks, high costs and toxicity to the environment. Over the last few decades, alternative tick control methods which utilize natural factors with little or no acaricides have been sought and those which have shown some promise are discussed in this paper. They include release or conservation of biological control agents e.g. parasitoids, predators and pathogens; anti-tick grasses and pasture spelling. The possibility of integrating some of these factors into low cost environmentally-safe tick control strategies affordable by resource limited farmers is also discussed.

Key Words

Rhipicephalus Boophilus Amblyomma Hunterellus Ixodiphagus Buphagus Beauveria Melinis Andropogon Stylosanthes acaricide 

Résumé

Les tiques ont toujours été considerees comme un obstacle majeur à l’expansion des fermes à cause des maladies devastatrices qu’elles transmettent specialement dans les tropiques. La lutte contre les tiques par l’emploi des acaricides rencontre maintenant des sérieux problèmes; par example la resistance accrue des tiques aux insecticides, coûts élevés et toxicité de l’environement. Pour les dernières décades, des méthodes alternatives de lutte contre les tiques par l’emploi des facteurs naturels avec peu ou sans acaricides ont été recherchés, celles qui se sont montrées prometteuses sont discutées dans cette publication. Elles comportent des relâchés ou la conservation des agents biologiques de lutte par example les parasitoides, les predateurs et les pathogènes, des herbes anti-tiques et de paturage à odeur repugnante. La possibilité d’intégrer certains des ces facteurs dans les stratégies de lutte contre les tiques dans un environment sain à un prix bas et abordable par les fermiers aux resources limitées et aussi discutée.

Mots Clés

Rhipicephalus Boophilus Amblyomma Hunterellus Ixodiphagus Buphagus Beauveria Melinis Andropogon Stylosanthes acaricide 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Godwin P. Kaaya
    • 1
  1. 1.The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya

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