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Naturally Acquired Resistance to Ticks — A Global View

  • Y. Rechav
Natural Resistance to Ticks

Abstract

A comprehensive review of the acquisition of resistance in bovine and laboratory hosts as a result of natural infestation with various species of ticks is undertaken. In this review I discuss the biological aspects of the expression of resistance, deal with acquisition of resistance to ticks by bovine and laboratory animals, give details on the environmental and physiological factors which affect the resistance and explain the mechanisms of resistance in both bovine and laboratory animals. I also deal with the relationships between ticks and their bovine hosts and emphasize the difference in the acquired resistance of individuals in the breed as well as the negative correlation between the decrease in mean weight of the ticks and the increase in the levels of globulins in the serum of the different hosts.

Aspects of cross resistance by hosts to different species of ticks are also discussed in this review.

Key Words

Hard ticks acquired resistance natural infestations gamma globulins laboratory animals bovine 

Résumé

Un recherche a été conduite pour investiguer l’acquisition de la résistance chez des bovins et chez des animaux de laboratoire après infestation naturelle avec plusieurs espèces des tiques. Dans ce révision on examine les aspects suivants du développement de la résistance: facteurs biologiques ayant un effect sûr la manifestation de la résistance, l’acquisition de la résistance aux tiques par des bovins et des animaux de laboratoire, facteurs de l’environnement et de facteurs physiologiques qui ont un effect sûr la résistance, les mécanismes de la résistance chez des bovins et des animaux de laboratoire. On évalue aussi les rapports entre les tiques et ses hôtes bovins, les différences dans la résistance acquisée parmi des individuels dans une espèce et aussi bien la corrélation negative entre l’index du pois perdu par les tiques et l’augmentation des niveaux des globulines sériques dans les plusieurs hôtes. Des aspects de la résistance croisée chez les hôtes pour les différents espèces de tiques sont aussi examinés.

MotsClés

Tiques résistance naturellement acquisée infestations naturelles gamma-globulines animaux de laboratoire bovins 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Rechav
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyMedical University of Southern AfricaSouth Africa

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