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Comparative Development and Population Growth of an Exotic Stemborer, chilo Partellus (Swinhoe), and an Ecologically Similar Congener, C. orichalcociliellus (Strand) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

  • Jacob C. Mbapila
  • William A. OverholtEmail author
  • Hosea Y. Kayumbo
Research Article

Abstract

Studies were conducted to determine the effect of temperature and diet on the development of Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) and Chilo orichalcociliellus (Strand) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Developmental times of C. partellus and C. orichalcociliellus for the egg, larval and egg-adult life stages were inversely related to temperature. The larval developmental period of C. orichalcociliellus reared on artificial diet was longer than the developmental period on natural diet. Chilo partellus had a higher intrinsic rate of natural increase than C. orichalcociliellus at all diet/temperature combinations except natural diet at 31°C.

Key Words

Chilo partellus Chilo orichalcociliellus temperature development population growth displacement 

Résumé

Des études ont été menées afin de déterminer l’effet de la température et de l’alimentation sur le développement de Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) et Chilo orichalcociliellus (Strand) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Les durées de développement des oeufs, des stades larvaires et du développement total sont inversement corrélées avec la température. La durée du développement larvaire de C. orichalcociliellus élevé sur milieu artificiel est plus longue que celle observée avec une alimentation naturelle. Chilo partellus a un taux intrinsèque d’accroissement naturel plus élevé que C. orichalcociliellus pour toutes les combinaisons d’alimentation et de température étudiées à l’exception de la combinaison associant une alimentation naturelle et 31°C.

Mots Clés

Chilo partellus Chilo orichalcociliellus température développement accroissement des populations déplacement 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacob C. Mbapila
    • 1
  • William A. Overholt
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hosea Y. Kayumbo
    • 3
  1. 1.Ari-KatrinPrivate BagIfakaraTanzania
  2. 2.International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya
  3. 3.Department of Zoology and Marine BiologyUniversity of Dar es SalaamDar es SalaamTanzania

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