Advertisement

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 731–735 | Cite as

Phytophagy of Sergentomyia Ingrami—I. Feeding Rates

  • J. B. Kaddu
  • M. J. Mutinga
  • S. Nokoe
  • R. M. Musyoki
Research Article

Abstract

The ability of a Kenyan sandfly species, Sergentomyia ingrami, to feed on various species of native or indigenous and exotic or introduced plants of Kenya was investigated using the Anthrone test. Some flies contained more sugar than others when they were tested after exposure to the plants.

Key Words

Sandfly Phlebotomus Sergentomyia ingrami phytophagy feeding rate 

Résumé

Le pouvoir d’un phlébotome Kenyan Sergentomyia ingrami de se nourrir sur diverses espéces de plantes indigenes et exotiques du Kenya était étudié en utilisant le test d’Anthrone. Quelques phlébotomes contenaient plus de sucre que les autres lorsqu’ils étaient testés après être exposés aux plantes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beach R., Young D. G. and Mutinga M. J. (1983) New phlcbotomine sandfly colonies: Rearing Phlebotomus martini, Sergentomyiasch wetziand Sergentomyia africana (Diptera: Psychodidae). J. med. Entomol. 20, 579–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chaniotis B. N. (1974) Sugar feeding behaviour of Lutzomyia trapidoi (Diptera: Psychodidae) under experimental conditions. J. med. Entomol. 11, 73–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kaddu J. B. and Mutinga M. J. (1981) Leishmania in Kenyan phlebotomine sandflies — 1. Leishmania aethiopica in the midgut of naturally-infected Phlebotomus pedifer. Insect Sci. Applic. 2, 245–250.Google Scholar
  4. Kaddu J. B., Mutinga M. J. and Musyoki R. M. (1988) Phytophagy of Kenyan phlebotomine sandflies. Proc. XVIII International Congr. Entomol., p. 280. Vancouver, Canada.Google Scholar
  5. Killick-Kendrick R. and Killick-Kendrick M. (1987) Honeydew of aphids as a source of sugar for Phlebotomus ariasi. Med. Vet. Entomol. 1, 297–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kirk R. and Lewis D.J. (1951) The Phlebotominae of the Ethiopian Region. Trans. R. entomol. Soc. Lond. 102, 383–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lewis J. and Domoney C. R. (1966) Sugar meals in Phlebotominae and Simuliidae. Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. Ser. A. 41, 175–179.Google Scholar
  8. More J. S., Kelly T. B., Killick-Kendrick R., Killick-Kendrick M., Wallbanks K. R. and Molyneux D. H. (1987) Honeydew sugars in wild-caught Phlebotomus ariasi detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC). Med. Vet. Entomol. 1, 427–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Schlein Y. and Warburg A. (1986) Phytophagy and the feeding cycle of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) under experimental conditions. J. med. Entomol. 23, 11–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Shorn H. E. (1945) Recent research on kala-azar in India. Trans. R. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg. 39, 13–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Smith R. O. A., Holder K. C. and Ahmed I. (1940) Further investigations on the transmission of kala-azar. The transmission of kala-azar by the bite of the sandfly P. argentipes. Indian J. med. Res. 28, 585–591.Google Scholar
  12. Smith R. O. A., Haider K. C. and Ahmed I. (1941) Further investigations on the transmission of kala-azar. Part VI. A second series of transmissions of L. donovani by P. argentipes. Indiana J. med. Res. 29, 799–802.Google Scholar
  13. Swaminath C. S., Shortt H. E. and Anderson L. A. P. (1942) Transmission of Indian kala-azar to man by the bite of Phlebotomine argentipes. Indian J. med. Res. 30, 473–477.Google Scholar
  14. Van Handel E. (1972) The detection of nectar in mosquitoes. Mosquito News 32, 458.Google Scholar
  15. Warburg A. and Schlein Y. (1986) The effect of post-blood meal nutrition of Phlebotomuspapatasi on the transmission of Leishmania major. Am. J. trop. Med. Hyg. 35, 926–930.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Young C. J., Turner D. P., Killick-Kendrick R., Rioux A. J. and Leaney A. K. (1980) Fructose in wild-caught Phlebotomus ariasi and the possible relevance of sugars taken by sandflies to the transmission of lcishmaniasis. Trans. R. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg. 74, 363–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Yuval B. and Schlein Y. (1986) Leishmaniasis in the Jordan Valley III: Nocturnal activity of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in relation to nutrition and ovarian development. J. med. Entomol. 23, 411–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. Kaddu
    • 1
  • M. J. Mutinga
    • 1
  • S. Nokoe
    • 1
  • R. M. Musyoki
    • 1
  1. 1.The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations