Advertisement

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 337–341 | Cite as

Preliminary Investigations of Host Selection Mechanisms by the Leafminer Liriomyza Trifolii

  • I. Fagoonee
  • V. Toory
Article

Abstract

—The leafminer, Liriomyza trifola Burgess, a polyphagous agricultural pest, can attack crops at different stages of development; some are attacked at the beginning of the crop cycle and others at the end of the cycle. Experiments on the differential susceptibility of the bean Phaseolus vulgaris and the potato Solanum tuberosum plants were done to get some information about factors which influence host selection by the leafminer. The distribution and density of leaf trichomes, as well as the nutritional status of the host plants, were found to be important in host selection. High trichome density acts as a physical deterrent to Liriomyza flies, just as senescing primary bean leaves induce non-acceptability. When given a choice, flies prefer bean to potato leaf discs, though the latter possess less trichomes. Other factors (chemical attractants and some nutrient components) might therefore also be involved in the complex host selection behaviour of L. trifola.

Key Words

Leafminer Liriomyza trifola host selection Phaseolus vulgaris Solanum tuberosum trichomes nutritional status 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bernays E. A. and Chapman R. F. (1976) Antifeedant properties of seedling grasses. In The Host-Plant in Relation to Insect Behaviour and Reproduction (Ed. by Jermy T.), Symp. Biol. Hung. 16, 41–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chandler L. D. (1981) Evaluation of different shapes and color intensities of yellow traps for use in population monitoring of dipterous leaf miners. The Southwestern Entomologist 6, 23–27.Google Scholar
  3. Das T. M. (1968) Physiological changes with leaf senescence: kinins on cell ageing and organ senescence. In Proceedings, Int. Symp. Plant Growth Substances. (Ed. by Sircar S. M.), pp. 91–102. Calcutta University.Google Scholar
  4. Dodd G. D. and Van Emden H. F. (1979) Shifts in host plant resistance to the cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brass-icae) exhibited by Brussels sprout plants. Ann. appl. Biol. 91, 251–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fagoonee I. and Toory V. (1983) Contribution to the study of the biology and ecology of the leafminer Liriomyza trifola and its control by Neem. Insect Sci. Application (in press).Google Scholar
  6. Gibson R. W. (1971) The resistance of three Solanum species to Myzus persicae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae and Aulacorthum solani (Aphididae: Homoptera). Ann. appl. Biol. 68, 245–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kennedy J. S. and Booth C. O. (1951) Host alternation in Aphis favae Scop. I. Feeding preferences and fecundity in relation to the age and kind of leaves. Ann. appl Biol. 38, 25–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lewington R. J., Tabolt M. and Simon E. W. (1967) The yellowing of attached and detached cucumber cotyledons. J. exp. Bot. 18, 526–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mann J. D., Steinhart C. E. and Mund J. H. (1963) Alkaloids and plant metabolism. V. The distribution and formation of tyramine methyl-transferase during germination of barley. J. biol. Chem. 238, 676–681.Google Scholar
  10. Vercambre B. (1980) Etudes réalisées à la Réunion sur la mouche maraîchère: Liriomyza trifola Burgess. Revue agric. suer. Ile Maurice 59, 147–157.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Fagoonee
    • 1
  • V. Toory
    • 1
  1. 1.School of AgricultureUniversity of MauritiusRéduitMauritius

Personalised recommendations