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International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 327–335 | Cite as

Influence of Temperature and Host Plant Condition on Preimaginal Development and Survival In The Sorghum Shootfly Atherigona Soccata

  • A. G. L. Delobel
Article

Abstract

—Temperature-time and temperature-velocity equations are given for egg, larval and pupal stages of the sorghum shootfly, Atherigona soccata. Preimaginal development (from egg deposition to adult emergence) on sorghum CSH-1 seedlings lasted 19.5, 26.3, 33.8 and 76.8 days at 30, 25, 20 and 15°C, respectively. The sorghum shootfly showed optimal development and survival at 30°C. Lower threshold temperatures were 13.8, 10.2 and 11.8°C for the egg, larva and pupa, respectively. Host plant condition affected larval development and survival; pupal weight was higher and larval mortality lower in insects reared on fertilized and normally watered seedlings than on unfertilized and water stressed seedlings.

Key Words

Atherigona soccata sorghum shootfly temperature host condition preimaginal development 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. L. Delobel
    • 1
  1. 1.International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya

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