Inheritance of Host Plant Resistance to the Sorghum Shootfly
The behaviour of shootfly resistance is examined over the F1, F2, F3 and advanced generations. The F1 is almost intermediate between two parents with an added heterotic advantage of a lower ’dead-heart’ percentage. Resistance shows partial dominance under low to moderate shootfly infestation but this relationship may shift under heavy infestation conditions.
The resistance is polygenic in nature and governed by additive genes. In the absence of host immunity, gradual accumulation of favourable genes is possible by line breeding from R × I and I × I crosses by selecting 1 SD below the population mean. Selection for multiple characters limits the genetic advance for shootfly resistance—resulting in 0- 5% selection intensity and relatively less resistant but high yielding desirable progenies. Multilocation tests enable the selection of varieties stable for shootfly resistance.
Key WordsShoottly resistance inheritance varieties progenies selection crosses generations susceptible
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