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International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 153–155 | Cite as

The Effect of Artificial Defoliation on the Growth of Pinus Kesiya and Pinus Oocarpa in Zambia

  • Kari Löyttyniemi
Article

Abstract

The results of this experiment, where insect defoliation was simulated by artificial defoliation, suggest that Pinus kesiya and P. oocarpa trees in Zambia survive after complete defoliation, and that the reduction in growth may remain economically tolerable.

Key Words

Pinus kesiya P. oocarpa artificial defoliation pine plantations insect defoliation 

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References

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kari Löyttyniemi
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Forest ResearchKitweZambia

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