Pigment Migration in the Eye of Myndus Crudus (Homoptera: Cixiidae) and its Relationship to day and Night Activity
When the compound eye of the adult of the planthopper, Myndus crudus, is light-adapted, pigments are condensed in a zone proximal to the crystalline cones. Viewed externally, the eye is straw-colored. When dark-adapted, pigments migrate distally into the region of the crystalline cones and thus are closer to the cuticle. Viewed externally, the dark-adapted eye is maroon-colored. The eyes of most adult M. crudus observed during daylight hours were light-adapted. Eyes of males and females changed from the light to the dark-adapted condition between sunset and ½hr after sunset. When planthoppers with light-adapted eyes were placed abruptly into darkness at a temperature of 25–27°C, the eyes became dark-adapted within 15–30 min. When planthoppers with dark-adapted eyes were placed abruptly into light, the eyes became light-adapted within 30–60 min. At 8°C the planthoppers were immobile, and light-adapted eyes had not changed to the dark-adapted condition within 45 min. Eyes of M. crudus nymphs, which live in the root zones of grasses, are dark red and do not change color in response to changes in light. Field samples showed that adult M. crudus were active in coconut palms during the day and night, but higher numbers were caught during the day (P < 0.01).
Key WordsMyndus Haplaxius planthopper Homoptera vector coconut lethal yellowing Cocos compound eyes
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