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Resistance to the Rice Gall Midge, Orseolia Oryzae in Rice

  • E. A. Heinrichs
  • P. K. Pathak
Article

Abstract

Orseolia oryzae, the rice gall midge, is a major pest of rice in many areas of tropical Asia and is becoming an important pest in Africa. A chronological review of the progress made in various national programmes on varietal resistance, sources of resistance and breeding for resistance is given. Many resistant varieties have been identified and have been utilized in breeding programmes to develop high yielding varieties with multiple resistance to the gall midge and other insect pests and diseases. Mechanisms and inheritance of resistance in rice varieties are discussed. Rice varieties resistant in various countries and sources of resistance used in breeding programmes are listed. Biotype variations in different countries and within the countries are revealed, and a preliminary classification of gall midge biotypes based on varietal reactions is proposed.

Key Words

Antibiosis biotypes breeding for resistance distribution induced resistance inheritance of resistance mechanism of resistance Orseolia oryzae resistant varieties rice gall midge sources of resistance varietal resistance wild rices 

Résumé

Variétés de riz résistantes à Orseolia oryzae et mécanismes de résistance. Orseolia oryzae (“rice gall midge’) est un parasite important du riz en Asie tropicale qui commence à se développer en Afrique. Une revue chronologique des travaux effectués sur la resistance variétale du riz a O. oryzae et ses mécanismes indique que de nombreuses variétés résistantes out été découvertes et utilisées pour des croisements génétiques. Des variétés à haut niveau de production présentant une résistance multiple à O. oryzae ainsi qù à d’autres parasites ont été obtenues. Une liste des variétés parentales résistantes et des variétés utilisées pour les croisements génétiques est donnee. Les mecanismes et les caractères génétiques de la résistance à O. oryzae sont discutés. Differents biotypes d O. oryzae ont été distingués suivant les régions et une classification préliminaire fondée sur la susceptibilité et la résistance de différentes variétés de riz est proposée.

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. Heinrichs
    • 1
  • P. K. Pathak
    • 1
  1. 1.International Rice Research InstituteManilaPhilippines

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