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A constant-momentum/energy-selector time-of-flight mass spectrometer


A matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer has been built with an ion source that can be operated in either constant-energy or constant-momentum acceleration modes. A decreasing electric field distribution in the ion-accelerating region makes it possible to direct ions onto a space-focal plane in either modes of operation. Ions produced in the constant-momentum mode have velocities and, thus, flight times that are linearly dependent on mass and kinetic energies that are inversely dependent on mass. The linear mass dispersion doubles mass resolving power of ions accelerated with space-focusing conditions in constant-momentum mode. The mass-dependent kinetic energy is exploited to disperse ions according to mass in a simple kinetic energy filter constructed from two closely spaced, oblique ion reflectors. Focusing velocity of ions of the same mass can substantially improve ion selection for subsequent post source decay or tandem time-of-flight analyses.


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Correspondence to C. P. Santacruz.

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Published online October 6, 2006

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Santacruz, C.P., Håkansson, P., Barofsky, D.F. et al. A constant-momentum/energy-selector time-of-flight mass spectrometer. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 18, 92–101 (2007).

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  • Collision Induce Dissociation
  • Momentum Mode
  • Initial Velocity Distribution
  • Initial Spatial Distribution
  • Energy Selector