Study on behaviors of functionally graded shape memory alloy cylinder
For better controllability in actuations, it is desirable to create Functionally Graded Shape Memory Alloys (FG-SMAs) in the actuation direction. It can be achieved by applying different heat treatment processes to create the gradient along the radius of a SMA cylinder. Analytical solutions are derived to predict the macroscopic behaviors of such a functionally graded SMA cylinder. The Tresca yield criterion and linear hardening are used to describe the different phase transformations with different gradient parameters. The numerical results for an example of the model exhibit different pseudo-elastic behaviors from the non-gradient case, as well as a variational hysteresis loop for the transformation, providing a mechanism for easy actuation control. When the gradient disappears, the model can degenerate to the non-gradient case.
KeywordsShape memory alloy Gradient Constitutive model Cylinder Internal pressure
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