Skip to main content
Log in

Microstructure evolution and microhardness of ultrafine-grained high carbon steel during multiple laser shock processing

  • Material
  • Published:
Journal of Iron and Steel Research International Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Surface microstructure and microhardness of (ferrite+cementite) microduplex structure of the ultrafine-grained high carbon steel after laser shock processing (LSP) with different impact times were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and microhardness measurements. Equiaxed ferrite grains were refined from 400 to 150 nm, and the cementite lamellae were fully spheroidized, with a decrease of the particle diameter from 150 to 100 nm as the impact times increased. The cementite dissolution was enhanced significantly. Correspondingly, the lattice parameter of α-Fe and microhardness increased with the impact times.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. C. S. Montross, T. Wei, L. Ye, G. Clark, Y. W. Mai, Int. J. Fatigue 24 (2002) 1021–1036.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. C. Ye, S. Suslov, B. J. Kim, E. A. Stach, G. J. Cheng, Acta Mater. 59 (2011) 1014–1025.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. R. Melookaran, A. Melaibari, C. Deng, P. Molian, Mater. Des. 35 (2012) 235–242.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Y. X. Hu, Z. Q. Yao, F. Wang, J. Hu, Surf. Eng. 13 (2007) 470–478.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. J. Z. Lu, K. Y. Luo, Y. K. Zhang, C. Y. Cui, G. F. Sun, J. Z. Zhou, L. Zhang, J. You, K. M. Chen, J. W. Zhong, Acta Mater. 58 (2010) 3984–3994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. J. Z. Lu, K. Y. Luo, Y. K. Zhang, G. F. Sun, Y. Y. Gu, J. Z. Zhou, X. D. Ren, X. C. Zhang, L. F. Zhang, K.M. Chen, C. Y. Cui, Y. F. Jiang, A. X. Feng, L. Zhang, Acta Mater. 58 (2010) 5354–5362.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Y. K. Zhang, J. You, J. Z. Lu, C. Y. Cui, Y. F. Jiang, X. D. Ren, Surf. Coat. Technol. 204 (2010) 3947–3953.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. B. Rouleau, P. Peyre, J. Breuils, H. Pelletier, T. Baudin, F. Brisset, Surf. Sci. 257 (2011) 7195–7203.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. M. A. Meyers, F. Gregori, B. K. Kad, M. S. Schneider, D. H. Kalantar, B. A. Remington, G. Ravichandran, T. Boehly, J. S. Wark, Acta Mater. 51 (2003) 1211–1228.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Z. Zhou, S. Bhamare, G. Ramakrishnan, S. R. Mannava, K. Langer, Y. H. Wen, D. Qian, V. K. Vasudevan, Surf. Coat. Technol. 206 (2012) 4619–4627.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. I. Nikitin, B. Sholtes, H. J. Maier, I. Altenberger, Scripta Mater. 50 (2004) 1345–1350.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. I. Nikitin, I. Altenberger, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 465 (2007) 176–182.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Y. X. Hu, Z. Q. Yao, Surf. Coat. Technol. 202 (2008) 1517–1525.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. J. P. Chu, J. M. Rigsbee, G. Bands, F. V. Lawrence, H. E. Elsayed-ali, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 26 (1995) 1507–1517.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Y. Xiong, T. T. He, Z. Q. Guo, H. Y. He, F. Z. Ren, A. A. Volinsky, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 570 (2013) 82–86.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Y. Xiong, T. T. He, Z. Q. Guo, H. Y. He, F. Z. Ren, A. A. Volinsky, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 563 (2013) 163–167.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. T. T. He, Y. Xiong, F. Z. Ren, Z. Q. Guo, A. A. Volinsky, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 535 (2012) 306–310.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. A. Belyakov, T. Sakai, H. Miura, R. Kaibyshev, K. Tsuzaki, Acta Mater. 50 (2002) 1547–1557.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. J. Z. Lu, J. W. Zhong, K. Y. Luo, L. Zhang, F. Z. Dai, K. M. Chen, Q.W. Wang, J. S. Zhong, Y. K. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 528 (2011) 6128–6133.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. E. J. Fasiska, H. Wagenblas, Soc. AIME. 239 (1967) 1818–1820.

    Google Scholar 

  21. W. T. Fu, Y. Xiong, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Furuhara, T. Maki, J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 21 (2005) 25–27.

    Google Scholar 

  22. X. Scherpereel, P. Peyre, R. Fabbro, R. Fabbro, G. Lederer, N. Celatil, Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 3097 (1997) 546–557.

    Google Scholar 

  23. L. Chen, H. Zhou, Z. H. Zhang, L. Q. Ren, J. Iron Steel Res. Int. 16 (2009) No. 4, 39–43.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Foundation Item: Item Sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (50801021, 51201061); Program for Young Key Teachers in Henan Province of China (2011GGJS-070); Program for Henan Province for Science and Technology Innovation Excellent Talents of China (144200510001)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Xiong, Y., He, Tt., Ren, Fz. et al. Microstructure evolution and microhardness of ultrafine-grained high carbon steel during multiple laser shock processing. J. Iron Steel Res. Int. 22, 55–59 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1006-706X(15)60009-7

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1006-706X(15)60009-7

Key words

Navigation