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Mammalian Biology

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 128–135 | Cite as

Density and spatio-temporal behaviour of Geoffroy’s cats in a human-dominated landscape of southern Brazil

  • Flávia P. TirelliEmail author
  • Fábio D. Mazim
  • Peter G. CrawshawJr.
  • Ana Paula Albano
  • Caroline Espinosa
  • Diego Queirolo
  • Fabiana Lopes Rocha
  • José Bonifácio Soares
  • Tatiane C. Trigo
  • David W. Macdonaldb
  • Mauro Lucherini
  • Eduardo Eizirik
Original investigation

Abstract

Geoffroy’s cat is a small Neotropical felid, seemingly abundant throughout most of its range and exhibiting considerable ecological plasticity. In Brazil, the species is restricted to the Pampas, one of the most threatened biomes in the country, where information on its ecology is scarce. Here we report the first assessments of its density, habitat selection, and activity patterns in Brazil. The study was conducted in human-dominated landscape at the extreme south of the country. Using Spatially Explicit Capture- Recapture (SECR) analyses, the estimated population density ranged from 34.54 (±13.51 SE), based on camera trap and radio-telemetry data, to 41.78 (±16.12 SE) individuals/100 km2, based only on camera trap data. A Resource Selection Function (RSF) analysis showed that our study population selected sites with native forest and rivers, and avoided areas close to roads, which probably implies avoidance of human contact. Although we observed a slight increase in its nocturnal activity during spring-summer with respect to fall-winter, this population was predominantly nocturnal throughout the year. The use of grasslands and croplands (non-protected areas) was non-uniformly distributed through the hours of the day, whereas native forest was used more uniformly.

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Flávia P. Tirelli
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Fábio D. Mazim
    • 4
    • 5
  • Peter G. CrawshawJr.
    • 6
  • Ana Paula Albano
    • 7
  • Caroline Espinosa
    • 3
  • Diego Queirolo
    • 8
  • Fabiana Lopes Rocha
    • 9
  • José Bonifácio Soares
    • 5
  • Tatiane C. Trigo
    • 10
  • David W. Macdonaldb
    • 2
  • Mauro Lucherini
    • 11
  • Eduardo Eizirik
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratório de Biologia Genômica e MolecularPUCRS, Escola de CiênciasPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Wildlife Conservation Research Unit (WildCRU), Department of ZoologyUniversity of OxfordUK
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-graduac¸ ão em Biologia Animal, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil
  4. 4.Instituto Pró-CarnívorosAtibaiaBrazil
  5. 5.Ka’aguy Consultoria AmbientalPelotasBrazil
  6. 6.Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservac¸ ão de Mamíferos Carnívoros (CENAP-ICMBio)Usina AtibaiaBrazil
  7. 7.Hospital de Clínica VeterináriaUniversidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel)Capão do LeãoBrazil
  8. 8.Centro Universitario de RiveraUniversidad de la RepúblicaRiveraUruguay
  9. 9.Programa de Pós-graduac¸ ão em Ecologia e Monitoramento AmbientalUniversidade Federal da ParaíbaMamanguapeBrazil
  10. 10.Setor de MastozoologiaFundac¸ ão Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZB)Porto AlegreBrazil
  11. 11.Grupo de Ecología Comportamental de Mamíferos (GECM), Cátedra de Fisiología Animal, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional del Sur — CONICETBahía BlancaArgentina

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