Advertisement

Mammalian Biology

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 12–18 | Cite as

Mapping an elusive arboreal rodent: Combining nocturnal acoustic surveys and citizen science data extends the known distribution of the edible dormouse (Glis glis) in the Czech Republic

  • Peter AdamíkEmail author
  • Lukáš Poledník
  • Kateřina Poledníková
  • Dušan Romportl
Original investigation

Abstract

Surveying mammals is always a challenge for field biologists. When those mammals are nocturnal and mostly arboreal, as in the case of the dormice (Gliridae), the task proves even more difficult. During the summers of 2015 and 2016 we carried out a national survey of edible dormouse (Glis glis) distribution in the Czech Republic. Twenty-one trained surveyors conducted acoustic nocturnal surveys in 640 mapping squares (a national 11.2 x 12 km mapping grid) for the presence of typical dormice loud squeaks and churring calls. Additionally, we published articles in newspapers and magazines, and conducted radio interviews to raise awareness among the public and to invite them to contribute their own observations, as dormice commonly inhabit peoples homes. This led to over 360 public observations, of which 237 belonged to edible dormouse and were precisely georeferenced. The nocturnal surveys detected presence of dormice in 175 out of 1830 surveyed sites. When data from public and nocturnal surveys were combined, edible dormouse was detected in 192 mapping squares. During a previous data collection period, 1950–2011, edible dormice were only detected in 137 mapping squares. Our study substantially extends the known distribution of the species, including several isolated populations. It also confirms the presence of healthy populations in the NW and E of the country and validates a new species distribution model. Thanks to its characteristic night calls, we show that nocturnal surveying is a very efficient mapping tool for the edible dormouse and we suggest its use whenever there is a need for distributional data. In addition, we show that citizen science data have a great potential to supplement surveys of this species but on its own cannot replace targeted surveys by wildlife biologists. Thus, our recommendation is to use records from the public as a supplementary data source, unless considerable effort is devoted into raising the public awareness about the species.

Keywords

Acoustic survey Nocturnal survey Fat dormouse Species distribution model 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anděra, M., 1986. Dormice (Gliridae) in Czechoslovakia. Part I.: Glis glis, Eliomys quercinus (Rodentia, Mammalia). Folia Mus. Rer. Natur. Bohem. Occid., Plzeň 24, 3–47.Google Scholar
  2. Anděra, M., 2011. Current distributional status of rodents in the Czech Republic (Rodentia). Lynx, n. s. 42, 5–82.Google Scholar
  3. Anděra, M., Beneš, B., 2001. Atlas of the Mammals of the Czech Republic. A Provisional Version. IV. Rodents (Rodentia) - Part 1. Hamsters (Cricetidae), Voles (Arvicolidae), Dormice (Gliridae). Národní muzeum, Praha. (in Czech)Google Scholar
  4. Anděra, M., Hanzal, V., 2017. The Red List of mammals of the Czech Republic. Příroda 34, 155–176.Google Scholar
  5. AOPK ČR, 2017. Glis glis. Nálezová databáze ochrany přírody. http://portal.nature.cz. Accessed 27 Oct 2017.Google Scholar
  6. Bartmańska, J., Moska, M., Gottfried, T., 2010. Recent range and distribution of dormice (Gliridae, Mammalia) in the Sudetes (Poland). Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia-Series A: Vertebrata 53, 65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bertolino, S. 2017. Distribution and status of the declining garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus. Mammal Review 47, 133–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bright, P.W., Morris, P.A., Mitchell-Jones, A.J., 1996. A new survey of the Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius in Britain, 1993-4. Mammal Review 26, 189–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Büchner, S., 2009. Siebenschläfer. In: Hauer S., Ansorge H., Zöphel U. (eds.), Atlas der Säugetiere Sachsens. Landesamt für Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Geologie, Dresden: 260–262.Google Scholar
  10. Büchner, S., Kretzschmar, C., Paul, A., Walz, R., 2009. Die Große Nussjagd in Sachsen. Auf der Suche nach der Haselmaus. Natur und Landschaft 84, 328–333.Google Scholar
  11. Büchner, S., Trout, R., Adamík, P., 2018. Conflicts with Glis glis and Eliomys quercinus in households: a practical guideline for sufferers (Rodentia: Gliridae). Lynx, n.s. 49, 19–26.Google Scholar
  12. Bullion, S., Looser, A., Langton, S., 2018. An evaluation of the effectiveness of footprint tracking tunnels for detecting hazel dormice. In Practice. Bulletin of the Chartered Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management 101, 36–41.Google Scholar
  13. Capizzi, D., Battistini, M., Amori, G. 2003. Effects of habitat fragmentation and forest management on the distribution of the edible dormouse Glis glis. Acta Theriologica 48, 359–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cornils, J. S., Hoelzl, F., Rotter, B., Bieber, C., Ruf, T. 2017. Edible dormice (Glis glis) avoid areas with a high density of their preferred food plant-the European beech. Frontiers in Zoology 14(1), 23.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12983-017-0206-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fietz, J., Tomiuk, J., Loeschcke, V., Weis-Dootz, T., Segelbacher, G. 2014. Genetic consequences of forest fragmentation for a highly specialized arboreal mammal - the edible dormouse. PLoS ONE 9(2), e88092. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gazárková, A.H., Adamík, P., 2016. Timing of breeding and second litters in edible dormouse (Glis glis). Folia Zoologica 65, 165–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Guisan, A., Zimmermann, N.E., 2000. Predictive habitat distribution models in ecology. Ecological Modelling 135, 147–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hecker, K., Bakó, B., Csorba, G., 2003. Distribution ecology of the Hungarian dormouse species, based on the National Biodiversity Monitoring System. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 49 (Suppl 1), 45–54.Google Scholar
  19. Herdegen, M., Radwan, J., Sobczynsk, U., Dabert, M., Konjevi, D., Schlichter, J., Jurczyszyn, M., 2016. Population structure of edible dormouse in Poland: the role of habitat fragmentation and implications for conservation. Journal of Zoology 298, 217–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hoelzl, F., Bieber, C., Cornils, J. S., Gerritsmann, H., Stalder, G. L., Walzer, C., Ruf, T., 2015. How to spend the summer? Free-living dormice (Glis glis) can hibernate for 11 months in non-reproductive years. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 185, 931–939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hoodless, A., Morris, P.A., 1993. An estimate of population density of the fat dormouse (Glis glis). Journal of Zoology 230, 337–340.Google Scholar
  22. Jenness, J. 2006. Topographic Position Index (tpi_jen.avx) extension for ArcView 3.x, v. 1.2. Jenness Enterprises. Available at: http://www.jennessent.com/arcview/tpi.htm.Google Scholar
  23. Jurczyszyn, M., 1994. Population density of Myoxus glis in some forest biotopes. Hystrix, n.s. 6, 265–272.Google Scholar
  24. Jurczyszyn, M., 2018. Food and foraging preferences of the edible dormouse Glis glis at two sites in Poland. Folia Zoologica 67, 83–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Juškaitis, R., 2005. The influence of high nestbox density on the common dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius population. Acta Theriologica 50, 43–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Juškaitis, R., 2014. The Common Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius: ecology, population structure and dynamics. 2nd edition. Nature Research Centre Publishers, Vilnius.Google Scholar
  27. Juškaitis, R., Büchner, S., 2013. The Hazel Dormouse. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei. Westarp Wissenschaften, Hohenwarsleben.Google Scholar
  28. Juškaitis, R., Šiožinytė, V., 2008. Habitat requirements of the common dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) and the fat dormouse (Glis glis) in mature mixed forest in Lithuania. Ekologia (Bratislava) 27, 143–151.Google Scholar
  29. Krištofík, J., 2012. Plch sivý - Glis glis. In: Krištofík J., Danko Š. (eds.), Cicavce Slovenska. VEDA, Bratislava: 76–81. (in Slovak)Google Scholar
  30. Kryštufek, B., 2010. Glis glis (Rodentia: Gliridae). Mammalian Species 42(865), 195–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kryštufek, B., Vohralík, V., 1994. Distribution of the forest dormouse Dryomys nitedula (Pallas, 1779) (Rodentia, Myoxidae) in Europe. Mammal Review 24, 161–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lebl K., Bieber C., Adamík P., Fietz J., Morris P., Pilastro A., Ruf T. 2011. Survival rates in a small hibernator, the edible dormouse: a comparison across Europe. Ecography 34, 683–692.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Marteau, M., Sarà, M. 2015. Habitat preferences of edible dormouse, Glis glis italicus: implications for the management of arboreal mammals in Mediterranean forests. Folia Zoologica 64, 136–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mänd, R., Tilgar, V., Lõhmus, A., 2005. Providing nest boxes for hole-nesting birds - Does habitat matter? Biodiversity & Conservation 14, 1823–1840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mortelliti, A., Sanzo, G.S., Boitani, L., 2009. Species’ surrogacy for conservation planning: caveats from comparing the response of three arboreal rodents to habitat loss and fragmentation. Biodiversity and Conservation 18, 1131–1145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Moska, M., Mucha, A., Wierzbicki, H., 2018. Genetic differentiation of the edible dormouse (Glis glis) in the Polish Sudetens: the current status of an endangered species. Journal of Zoology 305, 203–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Negro, M., Novara, C., Bertolino, S., Rolando, A. 2013. Ski-pistes are ecological barriers to forest small mammals. European Journal of Wildlife Research 59, 57–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Niklfeld, H., 1971. Bericht über die Kartierung der Flora Mitteleuropas. Taxon 20: 545–571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rodolfi, G., 1994. Dormice Glis glis activity and hazelnuts consumption. Acta Theriologica 39, 215–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Schlund, W., Scharfe, F., Strauss, M.J., Burkhardt, J.F., 1997. Habitat fidelity and habitat utilization of an arboreal mammal (Myoxus glis) in two different forests. Z. Saugetierkd. 62, 158–171.Google Scholar
  41. Spitzenberger, F., 2002. Die Säugetierfauna Österreichs. Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft, Graz.Google Scholar
  42. Tolasz, R., 2007. Climate Atlas of Czechia. CHMI, Praha.Google Scholar
  43. White, I. 2012. The National dormouse monitoring programme in Britain. Peckiana 8, 103–107.Google Scholar
  44. Worschech, K., 2012. Dispersal movements of edible dormice Glis glis between small woods in a fragmented landscape in Thuringia (Germany). Peckiana 8, 173–179.Google Scholar
  45. Zuur, A.F., Hilbe, J.M., Ieno, E.N., 2013. A Beginner’s Guide to GLM and GLMM with R: A Frequentist and Bayesian Perspective for Ecologists. Highland Statistics, Newburgh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Adamík
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Lukáš Poledník
    • 3
  • Kateřina Poledníková
    • 3
  • Dušan Romportl
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Faculty of SciencePalacký UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic
  2. 2.Museum of Natural HistoryOlomoucCzech Republic
  3. 3.Alka Wildlife o.p.s.DačiceCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPraha 2Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations